A Guide to Different Types of Cannabis Seeds Cannabis seeds are a huge part of the legal marijuana industry, and for any collector starting out, there’s a lot of knowledge to pick up. On the Everything You Need To Know About Different Types Of Cannabis Seeds Cannabis cultivation can be complicated, especially if you don’t already have commercial growing experience. There are light Most novice cultivators get excited about choosing a strain to grow, but it’s also important to know about the different types of cannabis seeds on the market.
A Guide to Different Types of Cannabis Seeds
Cannabis seeds are a huge part of the legal marijuana industry, and for any collector starting out, there’s a lot of knowledge to pick up. On the market today, there are various different types of seeds that have their own backgrounds and distinctive qualities.
You may have heard of feminized seeds or seeds bred to have certain genetic qualities, but what does this mean in real terms of the product? Here’s a spotlight on feminized seeds, autoflowering seeds and regular seeds.
Feminized cannabis seeds have been bred by top brands over the last generation to have no male parts and when grown, create a 95%-plus female yield. In recent years, these have become a really stable option and have a range of benefits. Investing in feminized options means that you can germinate more plants in the same sized space as the male plants are no longer taking up room; male plants do not produce bud and are typically destroyed to make way for more female plants.
Created through genetic selection over many crops, feminized plants produce their own resinous buds and do not need pollinating. They also don’t require specific temperatures and lights, as you might expect. In essence, as man has intervened, they’ve been made easier to grow as they’re a hybrid — taking only the best elements available through nature.
If you have limited space or simply don’t want to waste time with male plants, these cannabis seeds are a good choice; all the results with none of the hassle. They are also known for growing faster and producing bud with higher levels of active cannabinoids.
Similar to feminized seeds, autoflowering strains are easier to grow than regular seeds because they don’t require such specific light and temperature environments and can even mature in as quickly as 10 weeks. Their unique appeal comes from their ability to automatically flower and shifting from a vegetative state over time and with age. Although they aren’t all female, they also don’t require any removal of male plants so can also be considered a low maintenance option (however, you may also want to remove male autos to be on the safe side). Another distinctive quality is that autoflowering plants are normally shorter in height.
Autoflowering examples are also a lot older than their feminine counterparts and have existed in some form for thousands of years. Typically quite low in strength, breeders have increased the active agents with genetic selection so they are now as strong and potent as regular seeds.
Regular seeds, standard seeds or perhaps even the seeds that started it all; before feminized and autoflowering were developed, you just had regular seeds which were roughly 50% male and 50% female. As a result, the yield was also 50/50 so double the work was needed to get the same amount of marijuana.
For experienced cannabis seed collectors, regular seeds are a more authentic approach but if you’ve never used them, it’s best to go straight in with feminized seeds as they’re more straightforward and rewarding. Regular seeds require more attention and care in terms of lighting and temperature, and of course time must be invested in removing the male plants and cultivating the female instead.
Perhaps a good exercise in learning about marijuana and trialing germination skills, they’re not for the faint-hearted but are a more natural option where you earn every bud with hard graft.
Everything You Need To Know About Different Types Of Cannabis Seeds
Cannabis cultivation can be complicated, especially if you don’t already have commercial growing experience. There are light cycles, humidity, watering schedules, pesticides, and harvest dates all to consider. However, the arguably most important decision takes place before ever planting.
Growing marijuana plants starts with selecting the right seeds for your operation. Choosing the wrong seeds could have disastrous results depending on a cultivator’s overall goals. Here’s a brief overview of the common types of marijuana seeds and how to use them.
How Cannabis Reproduces
First, it’s essential to understand how cannabis reproduction takes place. Cannabis is a dioecious plant, which means both male and female versions of the plant exist. When growing male and female weed plants together, male cannabis plants pollinate females, causing them to produce seeds.
In the wild, this ensures the plant propagates. However, cultivators attempting to grow potent marijuana will want to avoid pollination. The high-quality buds available in modern dispensaries are known as sensimilla, which means without seeds. These are female plants that haven’t been pollinated. By avoiding the fertilization process, sensimilla plants grow to produce more resin and, therefore, more overall cannabinoids and terpenes. If you’re growing dispensary-grade marijuana, it’s essential to remove any male plants from your crop before they have an opportunity to pollinate. One way to avoid male plants is to use feminized seeds.
What Are Feminized Cannabis Seeds?
Female plants will attempt to pollinate themselves by growing characteristically male pollen sacs if left in a flowering state for too long. Using the pollen from these hermaphroditic plants to flower other female plants is known as rodelization, and it can help eliminate the potential for male plants. A female plant pollinated from a hermaphroditic female will produce feminized seeds—seeds extremely unlikely to carry male genetics.
Another way cultivators create feminized seeds is by spraying their female plants with a chemical called colloidal silver or silver thiosulfate, which encourages the plant to develop pollen sacs.
Whether you create your own feminized seeds or purchase them from wherever you buy cannabis seeds, remember that feminization is not fool-proof. Feminized seeds may still occasionally produce male plants, so be on the lookout to ensure an overlooked male plant doesn’t pollinate your entire crop.
What Are Autoflowering Cannabis Seeds?
Most cannabis plants are photoperiod, meaning that they require specific light cycles to transition from their vegetative stage to their flowering stage. This is done either by seasonal outdoor planting (typically starting around April) or through artificial light manipulation indoors.
However, autoflowering seeds will move to their flowering stage upon maturity, regardless of the light cycle. Autoflowering seeds come from a rare strain of cannabis called cannabis ruderalis, which evolved in northern climates with long summer days. Ruderalis plants typically have lower cannabinoid percentages, so most autoflowering seeds are crossed with a conventional sativa or indica strain.
Autoflowering seeds generally produce smaller plants that have lower total yields, but for some cultivators, this is outweighed by the benefit of reliable harvest times and the ability to grow outdoors year-round.
How To Germinate Seeds
Regardless of whether a cultivator uses regular, feminized, or autoflowering seeds, cannabis seeds need to be germinated before planting.
Seed germination refers to the process by which a seed sprouts. For many plants, seeds will germinate after being planted. However, germinating cannabis seeds requires a special approach since the seeds are so fragile.
There are several ways to germinate weed seeds. The cheapest and easiest way to do this is by placing your seeds between two moist paper towels and letting them sit in a warm location for a few days. You’ll know the seed is ready once it sprouts a white tail.
What Are Cannabis Clones
Not all commercial cannabis plants come from seeds. Sometimes, cultivators can create a clone.
It starts by taking a clipping from an existing cannabis plant. Then, that plant is transplanted into new soil, where it can take root and create an entirely new plant. Plants that are grown in this method will be genetically identical to the original plant that it was clipped from. Not only does cloning plants help save money on seeds, but it also allows cultivators to replicate desirable genetic profiles more consistently.
Tips For How To Grow Marijuana
Once you’ve selected the seeds that will best fit your operation, following these four tips can help maximize yields and better your chances for a successful harvest.
Different Types of Cannabis Seeds
Most cannabis connoisseurs pick up their beloved dry herb each week from the local dispensary and don’t think twice about where it came from, or what went into producing it, but home growing has become a popular movement amongst the 420 community in legal states. What typically starts out as a hobby or a way to save money on bud, often leads to an obsession over how to produce the highest quality, best tasting flower around. Cultivating cannabis isn’t easy and will require a lot of time and some knowledge about the plant’s life cycle, water, lighting, and nutrient needs, and building the proper grow setup to ensure an adequate environment. Most novice cultivators get excited about choosing a strain to grow, but it’s also important to know about the different types of cannabis seeds on the market.
3 types of cannabis seeds
The average 420 enthusiast may think that plucking out a seed from the bottom of the baggie is all it takes to grow a cannabis plant, but not all cannabis seeds are the same. There’s a reason that seed banks charge anywhere from just a few dollars to over $40 per seed for top-of-the-line genetics. Cannabis plants are dioecious, which means there are males and females, but only the female plants will produce the potent flower stoners are looking for. There is no way to tell if a cannabis seed is male or female until just before it flowers, so it is always a gamble to use a seed found in a stash. To figure out the sex, cultivators would need to invest in a grow setup and spend time and money on water and energy only to realize the plant is male and won’t produce buds. Though it may cost a little extra, it’s always a better idea to save time and money by purchasing cannabis seeds from a reputable seed bank.
The first step in narrowing down the huge variety of cannabis seeds is actually deciding between regular, feminized, or autoflowering seeds. From there, home growers can decide on a specific strain to try. Let’s take a look at the types of cannabis seeds to choose from.
Regular cannabis seeds
Regular cannabis seeds are completely natural and act as the seeds would in the wild. When purchasing regular cannabis seeds, there is a 50/50 chance that the seeds are female and will flower. Why would anyone want to gamble with their luck? Breeders use pollen from male plants to crossbreed with female plants and create new strains and more diverse genetics. These seeds are available in indica, sativa, high THC, and high CBD. Regular seeds are not recommended for novice home growers or those who are not trying to breed new strains as male and female plants need to be seperated.
Feminized cannabis seeds
The most common type of cannabis seeds are the feminized variety. This is because 99.99% of feminized seeds are females and will create flowers. Breeders invented feminized seeds by forcing female plants to create pollen by blocking the natural production of certain chemicals, then fertilizing the flowers from normal female plants with the female pollen. Feminized cannabis seeds are the most cost-effective since it’s almost guaranteed that the seeds will develop sticky dank buds.
Autoflowering cannabis seeds
The latest innovation to cannabis seeds are autoflowering strains. Cannabis plants begin flowering when there is a change in light. Indoor growers will switch the light schedule when they want their plants to flower. Autoflowering seeds contain Cannabis ruderalis genetics, so the plants will begin to flower on their own based on time rather than a change in light. Generally speaking, autoflowering strains will change from the vegetative stage to the flowering stage at around the two to four week mark. This type of cannabis seed is ideal for true beginners or those who want a fast flowering plant. Autoflowering seeds are designed to be easy to grow, remain relatively small due to their genetics, and don’t require a change in lighting.
Ready to give home growing a try? Visit Everything For 420 for a huge selection of popular indica, sativa, and hybrid feminized and autoflowering cannabis seeds.