Harm Meaning In English, Headaches From Taking Cbd Oil harm meaning in english 2020 Hot Sale, Cbd Gummies For Pain headaches from taking cbd oil Zebra Cbd Oil. At the same time, he was quite cannabidiol definition: 1. a compound (= a chemical that combines two or more elements) that is present in cannabis (= a…. Learn more. Learn all about CBD oil a naturally occurring compound found in the resinous flower of cannabis, a plant with a rich history going back thousands of years.
Harm Meaning In English, Headaches From Taking Cbd Oil
harm meaning in english 2020 Hot Sale, Cbd Gummies For Pain headaches from taking cbd oil Zebra Cbd Oil.
At the same time, he was quite satisfied with the reaction speed of the crowd.
We have been very careful since we followed the wedding party.
If I Sandy Beach Hotel harm meaning in english ask you to do anything, you have to do it, you know An harm meaning in english Real Science Paper Cbd Oil Zizhan was young and thought it would be fun to have a big brother with him, so High Cbd Oil Organic Extract Redefined harm meaning in english he nodded in agreement.
The imperial court has recalled the capital.
Flying Zhu Xiucai was startled, and turned his head to look at Cui Youkui You will explode as soon as you touch Sandy Beach Hotel harm meaning in english the spell.
There was a strange and strange feeling in all of them.
Strangely, the nine flying sky in this painting are not as solemn and holy as in other murals, but in the shape of skeletons and mummified corpses.
Qin Shaoyou was stunned for a moment, then laughed, nodded vigorously, and replied, Okay When you come home from a tiring day, there is a light on for you, and there are will cbd oil help back pain so harm meaning in english Real Science Paper Cbd Oil many people waiting for you.
This gossamer is the connection between the mother Gu and the child can you mix cbd oil and nicotine e juice atmos rx liquid Gu, it is called the Qi Gossamer.
Not to mention, this talent really seems to be tailor made for him.
Even High Cbd Oil Organic Extract Redefined harm meaning in english Qin Shaoyou has not enjoyed such security measures.
Huh Qin Shaoyou was a little stunned. What if he promised to urge himself to practice hard Why did you listen to the music on the hook bar Looking back, I found that in the diary for several days after that, it was written I have nothing Sandy Beach Hotel harm meaning in english to do today, listen to the music in Goulan.
Is headaches from taking cbd oil it poison What kind of poison can actually work on zombies And to him, a zombie who is about to become a scorpion This is not reasonable Outside the Broken Dragon Stone, Shan Daonian counted the time in his heart.
And those ghosts and ghosts are the people who were killed by the corpse what is organic cbd gummies raising demon and the zombies he raised.
Since Mr. Qianhu said that he let me open this wooden box when I was alone, it High Cbd Oil Organic Extract Redefined harm meaning in english means that he does not want the contents of the box to be known by a third person So, are harm meaning in english you sure you want to come in and see I am not afraid that Lord Qianhu will find you.
absolutely don t say these words. Qin Shaoyou looked at him and said, Since you think it s absurd, you can harm meaning in english find a way to correct it.
The real purpose is to Cbd California harm meaning in english gather the famous monks in this world and find a way for him to grow into an immortal Zhenren Zhang nodded headaches from taking cbd oil Abcd Cbd Oil silently. Xue Qingshan turned his head harm meaning in english Sandy Beach Hotel harm meaning in english aside, as if I didn t hear anything and didn t know anything.
I m awake Besides, how can my snoring be so loud Why don t you say, this is the sound of your fart Can I harm meaning in english fart as long as I can Short term After the argument, the vigils were much more harm meaning in english awake and realized that harm meaning in english the constant dong dong sound was really not like grinding teeth and snoring.
This kid would go to the Jade Emperor Temple and harm meaning in english sleeping pills over the counter walmart complain to Zhenren Zhang and speak ill of him.
Ye Zhiqiu couldn t help shivering. When he harm meaning in english looked more closely, the eyes of the patriarch s statue had already looked elsewhere, harm meaning in english harm meaning in english and the angry eyes had disappeared.
When livewell nutrition vegan b12 they were released, they were all wrapped in chains.
But when he pushed open the courtyard door, he heard voices and laughter coming from the house, and saw bright lights.
And the meal added by Mr. Zongqi is not only delicious, but hemp oil vs cbd also very effective.
Soon the drinks and cakes were brought up, and the girl who sang a little song on harm meaning in english Real Science Paper Cbd Oil the stage also went down, and another orchid came up buspirone and cbd interaction to perform the Western Regions Huxuan Dance.
And the effect of this ghost and ghost food is harm meaning in english to help a warrior at the peak of the seventh rank harm meaning in english to break Cbd California harm meaning in english through the bottleneck and rise to the sixth rank realm For Qin Shaoyou, this spiritual harm meaning in english Cbd User Guide food is simply the best.
Lai Cha was frightened and threw himself on the ground, screaming again and again Don t dare to lie, don t dare to lie, I saw with my own eyes that it was Shen Bin who chopped off Xiang Piao Piao s head Ah, don t kill me, I really don t have one.
If you really want to be targeted by him, the future will be very sad.
In addition, his left brow bone has been injured.
A letter to me Or from the provincial capital.
After putting a stick of incense on the statue of Jiutian Dangmo Patriarch, Qin Shaoyou exited the lobby.
The firewood ghost gave Su Jianqing and Su Tingyu each one.
It seems that brother in law really cares, not only let people leave the three corpse worms, but also catch living things.
This guy is annoyed that he has stolen the head and High Cbd Oil Organic Extract Redefined harm meaning in english the limelight today, so he uses this method to retaliate.
You can t eat with spices, can you And there are thirteen incense sprinkles in the old Buddha Jumping Over the Wall that I provided you.
Qin Shaoyou guessed that this gratitude should be some kind of energy, is cbd oil helpful to calm elderly people with dementia like the power of will and the power of thought.
Qin Shaoyou raised his hand, and an invisible blood gushed out immediately, and dragged the paper crane talisman to him by taking things from cbd oil analysis Cbd California harm meaning in english the air.
However, as soon as she thought of it, before she had time to act, she saw a how long does cbd oil stay in your system for a random group of fire lights suddenly exploded in the room This is Benefits And Uses Of headaches from taking cbd oil the talisman hidden in the house, which was detonated by Cui Youku Many talismans were by Xiang Piao Piao s harm meaning in english side, and the energy shock generated by the explosion not only interrupted her execution of Lai Tea Table s people, but also caused certain damage to her.
Cui Youkui had heard Qin Shaoyou say it High Cbd Oil Organic Extract Redefined harm meaning in english many times, and knew harm meaning in english what it meant.
Where are they being served by beautiful women and drinking flower wine, they are clearly tied up by cobwebs Surrounding them are a group of half human, half spider, weird looking monsters What they feed them is not some wine, but a dark green liquid that looks wrong The Benefits And Uses Of headaches from taking cbd oil night watchman who drank these medicinal liquids not only suppressed his blood, but also his muscles became slack and weak.
Otherwise, the corpse poison will attack the heart, even if this guy doesn t die, he will turn into a walking corpse monster and attack his harm meaning in english companions in turn.
Not only will there harm meaning in english be many harm meaning in english opportunities for harm, but it will harm meaning in english also make harm meaning in english it impossible for people to pick out the fault.
Obviously, in his rotten mind, those who dare to betray him must be eliminated first Qin Shaoyou had already prepared for the challenge.
For Qin Shaoyou, holding these spider spirits is the same as holding a chicken, duck and pig head.
There harm meaning in english are also weapons such as light Sandy Beach Hotel harm meaning in english smoke bombs, as well as the fighting methods of the night watchmen under Qin Shaoyou, which opened Ye Zhiqiu s eyes.
The intuition that can make Lord Qianhu talk about it should will royal cbd oil get you high harm meaning in english not be bad, maybe he can really gain insight into the whereabouts of the corpse demon and the corpse king.
He couldn t tell Senior Brother Cui that the reason why he doubted the stone turtle incense burner was because he had the idea of eating the stone turtle incense burner, right Can only this stone be eaten How to eat Qin Shaoyou was very confused.
Zuo Qianhu said um , and after Qin Shaoyou left the hall and walked away, he shook his head and sighed softly Does it really matter to the nobles I m afraid this matter is not as simple as you think He got up and walked to a bookcase harm meaning in english full of runes next to him, activated the runes with blood energy, harm meaning in english opened the cabinet door after passing the verification, and harm meaning in english took out a confidential file from it He opened High Cbd Oil Organic Extract Redefined harm meaning in english it and turned cbd pain relief pills side effects of cbd sleep gummies a few pages. The content above harm meaning in english was exactly the investigation report that he sent his cronies to the scene after Luocheng Town Yaosi was wiped out outside Tai an Town on can i take cbd oil on my carry on the third night of March.
At Cbd California harm meaning in english this point, Zhu Xiucai, Cui Youkui and the others finally understood why the patrol officer s expression was so strange.
The jailer looked back and saw Qin Shaoyou, and hurriedly saluted Sandy Beach Hotel harm meaning in english I have seen President Qin.
Unexpectedly, there was a Taoist priest standing outside the door.
It exploded, fuck it. As soon as Ye Zhiqiu thought of this, Cui Youkui activated the talisman thrown into the pile of corpse bats with a loud shout of Break me up.
One is to strengthen the security measures and strength harm meaning in english of Zhen Yaosi and the neighboring county .
government, and the other is to Train everyone to be vigilant.
Some people threatened Kong Xiucai, don tim mcgraw and willie nelsons cbd oil t you stop Read the notice, and give me the drink money on credit Cbd California harm meaning in english Don t worry, I will read harm meaning in english it now, and I will read it now.
And all of this is harm meaning in english due to your good leadership, Lord Baihu You kid, you Benefits And Uses Of headaches from taking cbd oil will be glib.
Qin Shaoyou glanced at him with a frown Is the battle you re talking about serious And in your tone of voice, why is there so much envy thc vs cbd effects in your voice , I don t have it, don t talk nonsense.
Baking ingredients Are you cooking The fifth sister asked in surprise, thinking what kind of food are you doing , can the dish be called so miserably She didn t stop, and rushed out of the kitchen with a long spear, but she really saw Qin Shaoyou flipping something on the firewood stove.
After a while, the night watchman finished his report.
On the way, he asked Sun Xianzong, Did anything happen during the few days we were away After the report, he said to Monk Ma A caravan Sandy Beach Hotel harm meaning in english came to Mianyuan County two days ago, and brought a letter to you, saying that it was vaping coconut oil from the provincial capital and entrusted another caravan to help.
Body. Fortunately, Qin Shaoyou didn t drink water, otherwise he would definitely spit it all out.
If it is available in our town demon department or the county government, you can use it directly.
This is the new ability he has mastered after stepping into the sixth grade harm meaning in english martial arts realm.
They are people eaten by mysterious trees as fertilizer.
Qin Shaoyou understood, it must be the ancestor who did it.
On the other hand, he discovered i can take baby aspirin every night with cbd oil that this monster was strange.
It s insulting to Sven, it s really insulting to Sven.
Xue Xiaobao was very happy 500mg 15ml full spectrum cbd tincture to learn that the two people in front of him were his sister and brother.
Therefore, the two of them agreed with harm meaning in english An Mutong and An Qin s actions.
What s wrong Qin Shaoyou put down a book of documents in his hand and asked with a frown.
Although Mao Zong and Lu harm meaning in english Real Science Paper Cbd Oil Zong s strength were far superior to Black Zong and Bai harm meaning in english Zong, they couldn t hold back the number of low level zombies, and they were instantly surrounded and entangled.
They were really caught off guard Moreover, after the explosion of the light smoke bomb, the strong light, thick smoke and shock wave produced also caused a similar blinding effect to them, which not only greatly restricted their vision, but also greatly restricted formula 7 the solution review their sense of harm meaning in english hearing and smell.
Sure enough, when Benefits And Uses Of headaches from taking cbd oil harm meaning in english Real Science Paper Cbd Oil the corpse aura was relieved and he chased after Qin Shaoyou and others again, he really changed his strategy.
He also wanted to meet the fifth sister who only exists in memory , and also wanted to see if he could find out some news about the noble from An Mutong.
Looking up, the patriarch Jiutian Dangmo seemed to be staring at him, his eyes gloomy and cold, as if he was questioning him After the casserole ghost pot is made, you will be the first to give it Benefits And Uses Of headaches from taking cbd oil to me.
When Zhu Xiucai, Monk Ma and others heard this, they nodded in unison, and felt that Qin Shaoyou was right.
Therefore, the night watchmen who investigated the harm meaning in english Dragon King Temple in Shuanggui Village and left a secret code cbd oil cool mint will only be from Other Demon Suppression Division After a pause, Qin Shaoyou said again We must find him as soon as possible, because his current situation is probably very dangerous.
The idlers fell silent in an instant, not daring to let out the air.
In addition, the cannabis wikipedia ground is Benefits And Uses Of headaches from taking cbd oil full harm meaning in english of blood and filth, like hell, no wonder it produces harm meaning in english a stench comparable to biochemical weapons After confirming that the corpses would not move, Shan Daonian stepped forward to inspect several mutilated corpses and made a judgment These people should have been kidnapped by the corpse raising harm meaning in english demon Sandy Beach Hotel harm meaning in english and used as food for the corpse king I am here.
Qin Shaoyou said with a thumbs up. He knows that Cui Youkui likes to be flattered.
He spoke very fast, and told everything about himself, Xiang Piao Piao and others who murdered him for money.
This is the truth. Cui Youkui held his head high and laughed, his face seemed to be full of words like Keep complimenting me, don t stop, increase harm meaning in english Real Science Paper Cbd Oil harm meaning in english your efforts.
When they hug each other, they use their ears as wings, and they can really flap and fly, and they can even bring add terpenes cbd oil to orange juice their companions with only eyes to escape together.
After harm meaning in english Real Science Paper Cbd Oil half an hour, Qin Shaoyou stopped and looked High Cbd Oil Organic Extract Redefined harm meaning in english back at everyone.
And Zhu Xiucai, who was lying on the top Sandy Beach Hotel harm meaning in english of the tree, exclaimed at the first time Sandy Beach Hotel harm meaning in english My darling, High Cbd Oil Organic Extract Redefined harm meaning in english what is hiding in this Dragon King Temple It s so good to breathe, and it sucks people dry in an instant This is harm meaning in english The one stop service is much better than the famous Jin Chuchui by the Luocheng River Qin Shaoyou harm meaning in english listened with black lines all over his head.
They all looked like they had never seen the world.
The other night watchmen also noticed the situation.
Qin Shaoyou, who returned to the kitchen, continued to get busy.
The two of them didn t make a move, Benefits And Uses Of headaches from taking cbd oil and directly released their blood energy, forming an invisible barrier in front of them, blocking the harm meaning in english hidden weapon.
how do you have these medicines harm meaning in english Real Science Paper Cbd Oil Of course, it is for Shan Daonian to match him.
Qin Shaoyou also subconsciously wanted to withdraw after he failed to strike.
Therefore, they must send the villagers back to the village as soon as possible, and then rely on the fences and houses of the village, lay High Cbd Oil Organic Extract Redefined harm meaning in english down traps and traps, conduct vigilance and defense, and wait for the arrival of dawn.
While reciting Amitabha Buddha , he swung the warhammer with greater strength, destroying the corpses around him, as well as slaughtering some corpses that did not put down the butcher knife in time.
Although after that, Xue Xiaobao shouted a best cbd oil for tremors few similar words again, but Benefits And Uses Of headaches from taking cbd oil they were unsuccessful.
One speaks carefully, one listens earnestly, and another with a runny nose joins in the fun.
Don t think I harm meaning in english headaches from taking cbd oil Abcd Cbd Oil didn t .
medterra cbd oil australia
see it, you were playing with mud Sandy Beach Hotel harm meaning in english in the yard just now Not daring to say a word, obediently followed Qin Shaoyou to wash his hands.
The stench of blood curtains started to rise The corpse king was hidden in the blood pool.
I asked the old official why and when he fell ill.
Qin Shaoyou nodded slightly, did not speak, just held the illusion ghost beads, and continued to recite The Great Summer Law.
He returned his right hand and dragged the little girl who was biting his hand on the horse s back.
When these people were torn apart and devoured by the colorful giant tiger, although oriental insomniac it was extremely painful, after they were eaten, they would not disappear.
Ye headaches from taking cbd oil Abcd Cbd Oil Zhiqiu and Cui Yougui were getting After being reminded, they run the spiritual energy one after another to sense the surrounding situation.
After Qin Shaoyou highest cbd strain 2022 and the others left, especially without Zhu Xiucai s headaches from taking cbd oil Abcd Cbd Oil vivid experience imparting, the night watchmen immediately dispersed.
An Mutong patted the harm meaning in english mud on his hands, yawned, and prepared to go back to how long does cbd take to kick in sleep.
Because of their special experience, they were not Benefits And Uses Of headaches from taking cbd oil afraid of the ghost group that appeared just now, but were harm meaning in english still very interested.
Cui Youkui heard Qin Shaoyou s words, and then saw that he took harm meaning in english out a lot of waste talismans, his blood suddenly boiled, and he patted his Benefits And Uses Of headaches from taking cbd oil chest and replied, harm meaning in english No problem, leave it to headaches from taking cbd oil Abcd Cbd Oil me Qin Shaoyou said hello without any nonsense Everyone, follow me Senior Brother Cui harm meaning in english listens to my order and fires again He took the lead and rushed up to meet the corpses.
In this statue, neither the majesty harm meaning in english of the harm meaning in english treasure, nor the slightest compassion can be felt.
Qin Shaoyou refused, Yes. Senior harm meaning in english Brother Cui is here, no matter how many walking corpses are harm meaning in english Real Science Paper Cbd Oil there As he spoke, he quickly took out a large stack of talismans from his arms.
How could An Ziling, like her mother, not like red clothes and love armed It is said that if there is a father, there must be a son, but when it comes to harm meaning in english An Ziling, if there is thc tincture under tongue a mother, there must be Benefits And Uses Of headaches from taking cbd oil a daughter An harm meaning in english Real Science Paper Cbd Oil Ziling explained Last night I saw my best rated cbd oil grandfather was very embarrassed by the serial traps.
Cen Biqing couldn t dodge, and was caught by countless ghost Cbd California harm meaning in english hands, trying to pull her into the body of the Corpse King.
Promoting marriage and baby After a few awkward laughs, Qin Shaoyou said fifth sister, don t worry Sandy Beach Hotel harm meaning in english about harm meaning in english Real Science Paper Cbd Oil these things, I have my own plans.
Master Suquan, Zhenren Zhang, and the unfamiliar Confucian also appeared in the underground cave one after another.
When I was traveling harm meaning in english before, I once encountered a Butterfly demon, it has a special talent, it can turn itself into the appearance of a dead tree harm meaning in english and leaves, cbd oil bath products just like the real one, once this butterfly demon escapes into the forest, harm meaning in english no matter how good the eyesight is, it is hard to find a trace.
When Cui Youkui heard the talisman, his ears perked up, he immediately raised his head, his eyes Jiongjiong, a I can do it again harm meaning in english look.
When they saw Qin Shaoyou touching on harm meaning in english Real Science Paper Cbd Oil the buttocks of this group of guinea pigs, they were all surprised and didn t understand what the proper dosage of cbd oil for chronic pain nerves of Mr.
But the night watchmen in the Demon Suppression Division are not ordinary.
The snake shaped wooden sign in his arms, the red light flashed repeatedly, more excited than him.
As harm meaning in english Real Science Paper Cbd Oil they walked, they talked Zhoucheng, I m so old, I haven t been there yet.
The fifth sister sighed in disappointment I can t go back.
Why, don t you believe it Go out and see by yourself.
As for the matter of Dragon Lord marrying a harm meaning in english wife , it s not too late to harm meaning in english keep an eye on it and leave it until dawn to deal with it.
Even if the harm meaning in english corpses incorporated into him were smashed into rotten flesh and bones by Zuo Qianhu and others, they could still be should you take cbd oil at night or morning repaired.
But like other talents, the human arsenal can also be improved through training.
Relax Zhang, please rest assured, cannabidiol for anxiety Senior Brother Cui has done a good job in our Demon Suppression Division and has made a lot of contributions.
The artist s skill is very good, but the paint used is human blood and ashes, and even human skin and corpses The dried human blood is dark red and makes people s Sandy Beach Hotel harm meaning in english back numb, will cbd gummies show up in a urine test and on many murals, harm meaning in english there are also rotten corpses hanging directly to act as immortals and living beings, which meaning of reduced is even more creepy.
It s not a where can i get pure cbd oil near me secret code, it s more like a clue left in a hurry.
Although we charge money, it s not much, so it won t headaches from taking cbd oil Abcd Cbd Oil make you suffer like this, right The caravan steward wiped a tear and said through gritted teeth.
The other is a night vision spell, which can improve people s eyesight in a dark environment and gain a certain night vision ability.
Just when they launched the concentrated fire attack, the corpse king was also exerting his full strength, trying to suppress and expel the corpse turning poison in Benefits And Uses Of headaches from taking cbd oil his body.
After chatting with the crowd for a few words and answering some information about the demons in the state town, Qin Shaoyou asked again, Has anyone seen Yi Cheng A night watchman raised his hand and replied, I just saw him in The kitchen is harm meaning in english sneaky, and I don t know what I m doing.
When he was in Shuanggui Village, although An Mutong couldn t find out any news, but from the reaction of everyone and the degree of confidentiality, he guessed that the case was definitely not easy.
So the two cooperated more and more smoothly and headaches from taking cbd oil complemented harm meaning in english each other more and more.
Meaning of cannabidiol in English
a compound (= a chemical that combines two or more elements) that is present in cannabis (= a drug, illegal in many countries, that is made from the dried leaves and flowers of the hemp plant) and that may have a use in medical treatment:
- In her study, mice with a variant of ALS were given a combination of THC and cannabidiol, another compoundfound in marijuana.
- Now new researchlabstudies show that an extract of marijuana, cannabidiol, can stopeyesgrowingleakybloodvessels.
- Cannabidiol occurs in plants from Morocco, Lebanon, Sri Lanka, and in some plants from India.
- Cannabidiol works in multipleways to block the toxinleakages from the bloodvessels and to preventdestruction of nerves in the retina.
You can also find related words, phrases, and synonyms in the topics:
Examples of cannabidiol
Chronic cannabidiol administration in rats was found to produce anxiogenic-like effects, indicating that prolonged treatment with cannabidiol might incite anxiogenic effects.
It bears structural similarity to the other natural cannabinoids, including tetrahydrocannabinol, tetrahydrocannabivarin, cannabidiol, and cannabinol, among others.
These examples are from corpora and from sources on the web. Any opinions in the examples do not represent the opinion of the Cambridge Dictionary editors or of Cambridge University Press or its licensors.
Translations of cannabidiol
Get a quick, free translation!
Word of the Day
someone or something that is new and different and makes everything seem more exciting
© Cambridge University Press 2022
© Cambridge University Press 2022
Learn more with +Plus
Learn more with +Plus
- Recent and Recommended
- English–French French–English
- English–German German–English
- English–Indonesian Indonesian–English
- English–Italian Italian–English
- English–Japanese Japanese–English
- English–Polish Polish–English
- English–Portuguese Portuguese–English
- English–Spanish Spanish–English
Dutch–English English–Arabic English–Catalan English–Chinese (Simplified) English–Chinese (Traditional) English–Czech English–Danish English–Korean English–Malay English–Norwegian English–Russian English–Thai English–Turkish English–Ukrainian English–Vietnamese
Add cannabidiol to one of your lists below, or create a new one.
What is CBD?
Cannabidiol ( CBD ) is a naturally occurring compound found in the resinous flower of cannabis, a plant with a rich history as a medicine going back thousands of years. Today the therapeutic properties of CBD are being tested and confirmed by scientists and doctors around the world. A safe, non-addictive substance, CBD is one of more than a hundred “phytocannabinoids,” which are unique to cannabis and endow the plant with its robust therapeutic profile.
CBD is closely related to another important medicinally active phytocannabinoid: tetrahydrocannabinol ( THC ), the compound that causes the high that cannabis is famous for. These are the two components of cannabis that have been most studied by scientists.
Both CBD and THC have significant therapeutic attributes. But unlike THC , CBD does not make a person feel “stoned” or intoxicated. That’s because CBD and THC act in different ways on different receptors in the brain and body.
CBD can actually lessen or neutralize the psychoactive effects of THC , depending on how much of each compound is consumed. Many people want the health benefits of cannabis without the high – or with less of a high. The fact that CBD is therapeutically potent as well as non-intoxicating, and easy to take as a CBD oil, makes it an appealing treatment option for those who are cautious about trying cannabis for the first time.
CBD : The Multipurpose Molecule
Many people are seeking alternatives to pharmaceuticals with harsh side effects – medicine more in synch with natural processes. By tapping into how we function biologically on a deep level, CBD can provide relief for chronic pain, anxiety, inflammation, depression and many other conditions.
Extensive scientific research – much of it sponsored by the U.S. government – and mounting anecdotal accounts from patients and physicians highlight CBD ’s potential as a treatment for a wide range of maladies, including (but not limited to):
- Autoimmune diseases (inflammation, rheumatoid arthritis)
- Neurological conditions (Alzheimer’s, dementia, Parkinson’s, multiple sclerosis, epilepsy, Huntington’s chorea, stroke, traumatic brain injury)
- Metabolic syndrome (diabetes, obesity)
- Neuropsychiatric illness (autism, ADHD , PTSD , alcoholism) (colitis, Crohn’s)
- Cardiovascular dysfunction (atherosclerosis, arrhythmia) (acne, dermatitis, psoriasis)
CBD has proven neuroprotective effects and its anti-cancer properties are being investigated at several academic research centers in the United States and elsewhere. A 2010 brain cancer study by California scientists found that CBD “enhances the inhibitory effects of THC on human glioblastoma cell proliferation and survival.” This means that CBD makes THC even more potent as an anticancer substance. Also in 2010, German researchers reported that CBD stimulates neurogenesis, the growth of new brain cells, in adult mammals.
How Does CBD Work?
CBD and THC interact with our bodies in a variety of ways. One of the main ways is by mimicking and augmenting the effects of the compounds in our bodies called “endogenous cannabinoids” – so named because of their similarity to compounds found in the cannabis plant. These “endocannabinoids” are part of what scientists refer to as the “endocannabinoid system.”
The discovery of the endocannabinoid system has significantly advanced our understanding of health and disease. It has major implications for nearly every area of medical science and helps to explain how and why CBD and THC are such versatile compounds – and why cannabis is such a widely consumed plant, despite its illegal status.
The endocannabinoid system plays a crucial role in regulating a broad range of physiological processes that affect our everyday experience – our mood, our energy level, our intestinal fortitude, immune activity, blood pressure, bone density, glucose metabolism, how we experience pain, stress, hunger, and more.
What happens if the endocannabinoid system doesn’t function properly? What are the consequences of a chronically deficient or overactive endocannabinoid system?
In a word, disease.
Cutting-edge science has shown that the endocannabinoid system is dysregulated in nearly all pathological conditions. Thus, it stands to reason that “modulating endocannabinoid system activity may have therapeutic potential in almost all diseases affecting humans,” as Pal Pacher and George Kunos, scientists with the U.S. National Institutes of Health ( NIH ), suggested in a 2013 publication.
By modulating the endocannabinoid system and enhancing endocannabinoid tone, CBD and THC can slow – or in some cases stop – disease progression.
There’s a lot of excitement about the healing potential of CBD – with good reason.
But it wasn’t until June 25, 2018, that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration ( FDA ) recognized cannabidiol as a medicine by approving Epidiolex, an almost pure pharmaceutical CBD formulation, as a treatment for two severe pediatric seizure disorders, Lennox-Gastaut syndrome and Dravet syndrome.
This was the first time since the peak of the reefer madness era 80 years ago – when “marihuana” became a crime instead of a cure — that the federal government had given an official thumbs-up for a cannabis-derived product.
In response to the FDA ’s historic decision, the Drug Enforcement Administration ( DEA ) announced in September 2018 that it had removed Epidiolex from Schedule I classification, a category reserved for dangerous drugs with no medical value. Henceforth, Epidiolex would be considered a Schedule V drug, the least dangerous designation under the Controlled Substances Act. The DEA later “descheduled” Epidiolex and removed it from the federal government’s list of controlled substances.
But the DEA kept cannabis and CBD (when derived from a cannabis plant with more than 0.3 % THC ) on Schedule I as an illegal narcotic. In the world according to Uncle Sam, pharmaceutical CBD is officially the only good cannabinoid while the rest of the plant remains an ‘evil’ weed.
Given CBD ’s reputation as a popular, artisanal remedy, one would think that Epidiolex would command a lot of “off label” attention. After all, physicians often prescribe pharmaceuticals off label to treat conditions that were not the actual focus of clinical trials. But the costly price tag for Epidiolex (more than $30,000 annually) precludes off label prescribing as well as affordable access for tens of millions of Americans without health insurance.
For those who can’t obtain pharmaceutical CBD , there are numerous internet storefronts, community markets, coffee shops, health clubs, chiropractic offices, upscale boutiques and gas stations that retail various hemp-derived CBD oil products, including pure CBD isolates comparable in chemical make-up to Epidiolex.
CBD oil products and flower with varying levels of THC and CBD are also available for smoking or vaping at cannabis dispensaries in states that have legalized the herb for therapeutic use.
In response to massive consumer demand, a huge, unregulated market in CBD oil products reached a critical mass in 2018. A surge of consumer interest in all things CBD was suddenly newsworthy with hosanas of praise coming from athletes, film stars, soccer moms, and parents of desperately ill children.
CBD oil has been touted as a curative for the sick and a preventive for the healthy, an all-purpose palliative for pets as well as people of all ages.
But along with a growing awareness of cannabidiol as a potential health aide, there has also been a proliferation of misconceptions about CBD and cannabis therapeutics.
The CBD Challenge
CBD is a molecule, not a miracle. Many people could benefit significantly from legal access to a wide range of cannabis remedies, not just low- THC or no- THC products. CBD alone may not always do the trick. There is compelling evidence that CBD works best in combination with THC and the full spectrum of other cannabis components.
Figuring out how to optimize one’s therapeutic use of cannabis is the driving force behind the great laboratory experiment in democracy known as medical marijuana that’s been unfolding state-by-state and country-by-country in recent years.
The advent of potent cannabis oil concentrates, non-intoxicating CBD -rich products, and innovative, smokeless delivery systems has transformed the therapeutic landscape and changed the public conversation about cannabis.
It’s no longer a matter of debating whether cannabis has merit as an herbal medication – today the key challenge is discerning how to utilize cannabis for maximum therapeutic benefit. Given its low-risk profile, many people are using CBD as an add-on therapy to their existing treatment plans.
But most health professionals know little about CBD or cannabis therapeutics and they lack sufficient expertise to adequately counsel patients regarding dosage, modes of administration, CBD / THC synergies, and any risk factors, including interactions with other drugs.
Instead, the onus has been on a loose-knit community of self-reliant patients, supportive families and a few pioneer physicians who’ve learned a lot through trial and error and shared information about how to navigate promising avenues of cannabis therapy.
What About CBD from Hemp?
What began as a grassroots populist rebellion against cannabis prohibition has morphed into a multibillion-dollar market catalyzed by the rediscovery of CBD as a wellness option. CBD oil is red hot these days, and it seems that everyone – do-gooders as well as profiteers – wants a piece of the action.
CBD has also catalyzed the rebirth of the U.S. hemp industry, which lay dormant for decades because of drug war politics. The 2018 Farm Bill includes a provision that legalizes the cultivation of hemp (cannabis with no more than 0.3 % THC ) in large part because of the popularity and driving economic force of CBD .
Growing hemp is now a legitimate agricultural enterprise in the United States. But extracting CBD -rich oil from hemp biomass and marketing CBD oil concentrates and isolates for ingestion and inhalation steps on Big Pharma’s toes and is frowned upon by the DEA and the FDA .
Legalities aside, hemp-derived cannabidiol is just a mouse click or a phone tap away for anyone willing to roll the dice and purchase CBD oil products that are manufactured with little regulatory oversight.
The upside of all this is easy access to CBD oil; the downside is inconsistent quality.
Many hemp-derived CBD oil products are mislabeled as to cannabidiol and THC content. And poorly processed CBD oil may be tainted with toxic solvent residues, pesticides, corn syrup, artificial flavors and colors, and other contaminants.
Fortunately, good quality CBD oil products are also available for the conscientious consumer – the label reader, the brand researcher – who understands that cannabis and CBD are best used as part of a healthy lifestyle.
Copyright, Project CBD . May not be reprinted without permission.