Can You Smoke Cannabis Seeds

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Learn more about CANNABIS uses, effectiveness, possible side effects, interactions, dosage, user ratings and products that contain CANNABIS. Want to make use of your weed stems? We've got three smokeless ways to help you do it. Weed stems are more fibrous than the buds of the plant, so they’ll burn hotter and produce a harsher smoke that can also give you a headache

CANNABIS – Uses, Side Effects, and More

Cannabis (Cannabis sativa) is an herbal drug. It contains chemicals called cannabinoids, including delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD).

The cannabinoids in cannabis work by binding to specific sites in the brain and on the nerves. There are over 100 cannabinoids in cannabis, but THC and CBD are the most well-studied. Cannabinoids are found in the highest levels in the leaves and flowers of the plant.

Cannabis is commonly used as a recreational drug. People also commonly use cannabis for multiple sclerosis (MS) and nerve pain. It is also used for nausea, vomiting, migraine, and many other conditions, but there is no good scientific evidence to support these uses. There is also no good evidence to support using cannabis for COVID-19.

Don’t confuse cannabis with hemp. Hemp contains very low levels of THC, less than 0.3% according to legal standards. Both hemp and cannabis also contain cannabinoids such as CBD, cannabidivarin (CBDV), cannabigerol (CBG), and others. Unlike hemp, cannabis is illegal under federal law in the US. It is classified as a Schedule I controlled substance. But some states have legalized or decriminalized recreational use.

Uses & Effectiveness ?

Possibly Effective for

  • Multiple sclerosis (MS). Spraying a cannabis extract spray (Sativex) under the tongue seems to improve symptoms of MS such as muscle spasms and nerve pain. This product is not available in the US. In the UK and Canada, this product is a prescription drug.
  • Nerve pain. Smoking cannabis seems to moderately reduce nerve pain caused by HIV and other conditions. The pain relief lasts for about 2 hours.

Side Effects

When taken by mouth: Cannabis is possibly unsafe when used in large amounts or long-term. Edible cannabis containing 50 mg or more of THC has been linked with serious side effects. Regularly taking large amounts of cannabis might cause cannabinoid hyperemesis syndrome (CHS). CHS leads to severe nausea and vomiting that doesn’t respond to typical anti-nausea drugs. Also, using cannabis for at least 1-2 weeks can cause dependence.

When sprayed into the mouth: A specific cannabis extract (Sativex) is possibly safe. This is a prescription-only product in the UK and Canada. It is not approved in the US.

When inhaled: Cannabis is possibly unsafe when used in large amounts or long-term. Smoking or vaping cannabis can cause breathing problems. Vaping products containing THC have been linked to serious lung injury. Regularly smoking cannabis may cause CHS and/or dependence.

Special Precautions and Warnings

When taken by mouth: Cannabis is possibly unsafe when used in large amounts or long-term. Edible cannabis containing 50 mg or more of THC has been linked with serious side effects. Regularly taking large amounts of cannabis might cause cannabinoid hyperemesis syndrome (CHS). CHS leads to severe nausea and vomiting that doesn’t respond to typical anti-nausea drugs. Also, using cannabis for at least 1-2 weeks can cause dependence.

When sprayed into the mouth: A specific cannabis extract (Sativex) is possibly safe. This is a prescription-only product in the UK and Canada. It is not approved in the US.

When inhaled: Cannabis is possibly unsafe when used in large amounts or long-term. Smoking or vaping cannabis can cause breathing problems. Vaping products containing THC have been linked to serious lung injury. Regularly smoking cannabis may cause CHS and/or dependence. Pregnancy: Using cannabis is unsafe during pregnancy. Cannabis passes through the placenta and can slow the growth of the fetus and increase the risk for premature birth, stillbirth, childhood leukemia, abnormalities, or the need for intensive care after birth. It can also lead to lower intelligence and emotional problems in the child when they grow up. It also increases the risk for anemia and high blood pressure while pregnant.

Breast-feeding: Using cannabis is likely unsafe while breast-feeding. The chemicals in cannabis pass into breastmilk and stay in breastmilk for longer than 6 weeks, even after cannabis use has been stopped. These chemicals might slow down the development of the baby. Avoid all cannabis use if planning to breastfeed.

Bipolar disorder: Using cannabis might make manic symptoms worse in people with bipolar disorder.

Heart disease: Cannabis might cause fast heartbeat and high blood pressure. It might also increase the risk of having heart attack.

Allergies to fruits and vegetables: Cannabis might increase the risk of an allergic reaction in people with allergies to foods like tomatoes, bananas, and citrus fruit.

Depression: Using cannabis might increase the risk for depression. It can also worsen symptoms of depression and increase thoughts about suicide in those who already have depression.

Diabetes: Cannabis use might make it harder to control blood sugar levels. It might also increase the risk for long-term complications from diabetes. Until more is known, be cautious using cannabis.

Epilepsy: High doses of cannabis might cause seizures in people with epilepsy. There have been several reports where high doses of cannabis have caused seizures.

Liver disease: It is unclear if cannabis worsens chronic liver disease. Until more is known, be cautious using cannabis.

Lung diseases: Cannabis can make lung problems worse. Regular use might increase the risk of lung cancer. Some people develop a type of lung disease called emphysema.

Schizophrenia: Using cannabis might make symptoms of schizophrenia worse.

Quitting smoking: Using cannabis might make it harder to quit smoking.

Stroke: Using cannabis after having a stroke might increase the risk of having a second stroke.

Surgery: Cannabis affects the central nervous system. It might slow the central nervous system too much when combined with anesthesia and other medications during and after surgery. Stop using cannabis at least 2 weeks before a scheduled surgery.

Interactions ?

Moderate Interaction

Be cautious with this combination

Sedative medications (Barbiturates) interacts with CANNABIS

Cannabis might cause sleepiness and slowed breathing. Some medications, called sedatives, can also cause sleepiness and slowed breathing. Taking cannabis with sedative medications might cause breathing problems and/or too much sleepiness.

Sedative medications (CNS depressants) interacts with CANNABIS

Cannabis might cause sleepiness and slowed breathing. Some medications, called sedatives, can also cause sleepiness and slowed breathing. Taking cannabis with sedative medications might cause breathing problems and/or too much sleepiness.

Theophylline interacts with CANNABIS

Taking cannabis might decrease the effects of theophylline. But there isn’t enough information to know if this is a big concern.

Warfarin (Coumadin) interacts with CANNABIS

Using cannabis might increase the effects of warfarin. Smoking cannabis while taking warfarin might increase the chance of bruising and bleeding.

Medications that slow blood clotting (Anticoagulant / Antiplatelet drugs) interacts with CANNABIS

Cannabis might slow blood clotting. Taking cannabis along with medications that also slow blood clotting might increase the risk of bruising and bleeding.

Medications changed by the liver (Cytochrome P450 2E1 (CYP2E1) substrates) interacts with CANNABIS

Some medications are changed and broken down by the liver. Cannabis might change how quickly the liver breaks down these medications. This could change the effects and side effects of these medications.

Medications changed by the liver (Cytochrome P450 3A4 (CYP3A4) substrates) interacts with CANNABIS

Some medications are changed and broken down by the liver. Cannabis might change how quickly the liver breaks down these medications. This could change the effects and side effects of these medications.

Medications moved by pumps in cells (P-glycoprotein Substrates) interacts with CANNABIS

Some medications are moved in and out of cells by pumps. Cannabis might change how these pumps work and change how much medication stays in the body. In some cases, this might change the effects and side effects of a medication.

Anesthesia interacts with CANNABIS

Using cannabis might increase how much anesthesia your doctor needs to give to you for surgery. Tell your doctor if you regularly use cannabis. If possible, stop using cannabis at least 2 weeks before surgery.

Medications for dissolving blood clots (Thrombolytic drugs) interacts with CANNABIS

Cannabis might slow blood clotting. Taking cannabis with medications used for dissolving blood clots might increase the chance of bleeding and bruising.

Medications changed by the liver (Cytochrome P450 2C9 (CYP2C9) substrates) interacts with CANNABIS

Some medications are changed and broken down by the liver. Cannabis might change how quickly the liver breaks down these medications. This could change the effects and side effects of these medications.

Medications that increase the breakdown of other medications by the liver (Cytochrome P450 2C9 (CYP2C9) inducers) interacts with CANNABIS

Cannabis is changed and broken down by the liver. Some drugs increase how quickly the liver changes and breaks down cannabis. This could change the effects and side effects of cannabis.

Medications that increase breakdown of other medications by the liver (Cytochrome P450 3A4 (CYP3A4) inducers) interacts with CANNABIS

Cannabis is changed and broken down by the liver. Some drugs increase how quickly the liver changes and breaks down cannabis. This could change the effects and side effects of cannabis.

Medications that decrease the breakdown of other medications by the liver (Cytochrome P450 2C9 (CYP2C9) inhibitors) interacts with CANNABIS

Cannabis is changed and broken down by the liver. Some drugs decrease how quickly the liver changes and breaks down cannabis. This could change the effects and side effects of cannabis.

Medications that decrease the breakdown of other medications in the liver (Cytochrome P450 3A4 (CYP3A4) inhibitors) interacts with CANNABIS

Cannabis is changed and broken down by the liver. Some drugs decrease how quickly the liver changes and breaks down cannabis. This could change the effects and side effects of cannabis.

Alcohol interacts with CANNABIS

Using cannabis with alcohol might increase the effects of alcohol on the central nervous system. This might increase the risk for some side effects, such as drowsiness and mood changes.

Dosing

Cannabis is commonly used in capsules, edible products, sprays, vape products, and cigarettes. Products can vary significantly depending on how much delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), cannabidiol (CBD), and other cannabinoids they contain. Speak with a healthcare provider to find out what type of product and dose might be best for a specific condition.

Cannabis is illegal under federal law in the US. It is classified as a Schedule I controlled substance. Some states have legalized or decriminalized use.

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Killestein, J., Hoogervorst, E. L., Reif, M., Kalkers, N. F., van Loenen, A. C., Staats, P. G., Gorter, R. W., Uitdehaag, B. M., and Polman, C. H. Safety, tolerability, and efficacy of orally administered cannabinoids in MS. Neurology 5-14-2002;58(9):1404-1407. View abstract.

Kluin-Neleman, J. C., Neleman, F. A., Meuwissen, O. J., and Maes, R. A. delta 9-Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) as an antiemetic in patients treated with cancerchemotherapy; a double-blind cross-over trial against placebo. Vet.Hum.Toxicol. 1979;21(5):338-340. View abstract.

Knoller, N., Levi, L., Shoshan, I., Reichenthal, E., Razon, N., Rappaport, Z. H., and Biegon, A. Dexanabinol (HU-211) in the treatment of severe closed head injury: a randomized, placebo-controlled, phase II clinical trial. Crit Care Med. 2002;30(3):548-554. View abstract.

Krenn, H., Daha, L. K., Oczenski, W., and Fitzgerald, R. D. A case of cannabinoid rotation in a young woman with chronic cystitis. J.Pain Symptom.Manage. 2003;25(1):3-4. View abstract.

Krishnan, S., Cairns, R., and Howard, R. Cannabinoids for the treatment of dementia. Cochrane.Database.Syst.Rev. 2009;(2):CD007204. View abstract.

Kumar, R. N., Chambers, W. A., and Pertwee, R. G. Pharmacological actions and therapeutic uses of cannabis and cannabinoids. Anaesthesia 2001;56(11):1059-1068. View abstract.

Lakhan, S. E. and Rowland, M. Whole plant cannabis extracts in the treatment of spasticity in multiple sclerosis: a systematic review. BMC.Neurol. 2009;9:59. View abstract.

Lane, M., Vogel, C. L., Ferguson, J., Krasnow, S., Saiers, J. L., Hamm, J., Salva, K., Wiernik, P. H., Holroyde, C. P., Hammill, S., and . Dronabinol and prochlorperazine in combination for treatment of cancer chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting. J.Pain Symptom.Manage. 1991;6(6):352-359. View abstract.

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Large, M., Sharma, S., Compton, M. T., Slade, T., and Nielssen, O. Cannabis use and earlier onset of psychosis: a systematic meta-analysis. Arch.Gen.Psychiatry 2011;68(6):555-561. View abstract.

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Lee, M. H. and Hancox, R. J. Effects of smoking cannabis on lung function. Expert.Rev.Respir.Med. 2011;5(4):537-546. View abstract.

Lee, S. Y., Oh, S. M., Lee, S. K., and Chung, K. H. Antiestrogenic effects of marijuana smoke condensate and cannabinoid compounds. Arch.Pharm Res 2005;28(12):1365-1375. View abstract.

Leizer C, Ribnicky D, Poulev A, Dushenkov S, and Raskin I. The composition of hemp seed oil and its potential as an important source of nutrition. Journal of Nutraceuticals, Functional & Medical Foods 2000;2(4):35-53.

Levitt, D. G. Heterogeneity of human adipose blood flow. BMC.Clin Pharmacol 2007;7:1. View abstract.

Levitt, M. Nabilone vs. placebo in the treatment of chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting in cancer patients. Cancer Treat.Rev. 1982;9 Suppl B:49-53. View abstract.

Levy, R., Schurr, A., Nathan, I., Dvilanski, A., and Livne, A. Impairment of ADP-induced platelet aggregation by hashish components. Thromb.Haemost. 12-31-1976;36(3):634-640. View abstract.

Li, M. C., Brady, J. E., DiMaggio, C. J., Lusardi, A. R., Tzong, K. Y., and Li, G. Marijuana use and motor vehicle crashes. Epidemiol.Rev. 2012;34(1):65-72. View abstract.

Lucas, V. S., Jr. and Laszlo, J. delta 9-Tetrahydrocannabinol for refractory vomiting induced by cancer chemotherapy. JAMA 3-28-1980;243(12):1241-1243. View abstract.

Lynch, M. E. and Campbell, F. Cannabinoids for treatment of chronic non-cancer pain; a systematic review of randomized trials. Br.J.Clin.Pharmacol. 2011;72(5):735-744. View abstract.

Lynch, M. E. and Clark, A. J. Cannabis reduces opioid dose in the treatment of chronic non-cancer pain. J.Pain Symptom.Manage. 2003;25(6):496-498. View abstract.

Maas, A. I., Murray, G., Henney, H., III, Kassem, N., Legrand, V., Mangelus, M., Muizelaar, J. P., Stocchetti, N., and Knoller, N. Efficacy and safety of dexanabinol in severe traumatic brain injury: results of a phase III randomised, placebo-controlled, clinical trial. Lancet Neurol. 2006;5(1):38-45. View abstract.

Machado Rocha, F. C., Stefano, S. C., De Cassia, Haiek R., Rosa Oliveira, L. M., and Da Silveira, D. X. Therapeutic use of Cannabis sativa on chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting among cancer patients: systematic review and meta-analysis. Eur.J Cancer Care (Engl.) 2008;17(5):431-443. View abstract.

Martin-Sanchez, E., Furukawa, T. A., Taylor, J., and Martin, J. L. Systematic review and meta-analysis of cannabis treatment for chronic pain. Pain Med 2009;10(8):1353-1368. View abstract.

Massi, P., Vaccani, A., Bianchessi, S., Costa, B., Macchi, P., and Parolaro, D. The non-psychoactive cannabidiol triggers caspase activation and oxidative stress in human glioma cells. Cell Mol.Life Sci. 2006;63(17):2057-2066. View abstract.

Massi, P., Vaccani, A., Ceruti, S., Colombo, A., Abbracchio, M. P., and Parolaro, D. Antitumor effects of cannabidiol, a nonpsychoactive cannabinoid, on human glioma cell lines. J Pharmacol Exp.Ther. 2004;308(3):838-845. View abstract.

Matheson, S. L., Shepherd, A. M., Laurens, K. R., and Carr, V. J. A systematic meta-review grading the evidence for non-genetic risk factors and putative antecedents of schizophrenia. Schizophr.Res. 2011;133(1-3):133-142. View abstract.

Maurer, M., Henn, V., Dittrich, A., and Hofmann, A. Delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol shows antispastic and analgesic effects in a single case double-blind trial. Eur.Arch.Psychiatry Clin.Neurosci. 1990;240(1):1-4. View abstract.

McCabe, M., Smith, F. P., Macdonald, J. S., Woolley, P. V., Goldberg, D., and Schein, P. S. Efficacy of tetrahydrocannabinol in patients refractory to standard antiemetic therapy. Invest New Drugs 1988;6(3):243-246. View abstract.

McGrath, J., Welham, J., Scott, J., Varghese, D., Degenhardt, L., Hayatbakhsh, M. R., Alati, R., Williams, G. M., Bor, W., and Najman, J. M. Association between cannabis use and psychosis-related outcomes using sibling pair analysis in a cohort of young adults. Arch Gen.Psychiatry 2010;67(5):440-447. View abstract.

McKallip, R. J., Jia, W., Schlomer, J., Warren, J. W., Nagarkatti, P. S., and Nagarkatti, M. Cannabidiol-induced apoptosis in human leukemia cells: A novel role of cannabidiol in the regulation of p22phox and Nox4 expression. Mol.Pharmacol 2006;70(3):897-908. View abstract.

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Meiri, E., Jhangiani, H., Vredenburgh, J. J., Barbato, L. M., Carter, F. J., Yang, H. M., and Baranowski, V. Efficacy of dronabinol alone and in combination with ondansetron versus ondansetron alone for delayed chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting. Curr.Med.Res.Opin. 2007;23(3):533-543. View abstract.

Meyer, M. J., Megyesi, J., Meythaler, J., Murie-Fernandez, M., Aubut, J. A., Foley, N., Salter, K., Bayley, M., Marshall, S., and Teasell, R. Acute management of acquired brain injury part II: an evidence-based review of pharmacological interventions. Brain Inj. 2010;24(5):706-721. View abstract.

Mills, R. J., Yap, L., and Young, C. A. Treatment for ataxia in multiple sclerosis. Cochrane.Database.Syst.Rev. 2007;(1):CD005029. View abstract.

Minozzi, S., Davoli, M., Bargagli, A. M., Amato, L., Vecchi, S., and Perucci, C. A. An overview of systematic reviews on cannabis and psychosis: discussing apparently conflicting results. Drug Alcohol Rev. 2010;29(3):304-317. View abstract.

Moore, T. H., Zammit, S., Lingford-Hughes, A., Barnes, T. R., Jones, P. B., Burke, M., and Lewis, G. Cannabis use and risk of psychotic or affective mental health outcomes: a systematic review. Lancet 7-28-2007;370(9584):319-328. View abstract.

Moore, T. M., Stuart, G. L., Meehan, J. C., Rhatigan, D. L., Hellmuth, J. C., and Keen, S. M. Drug abuse and aggression between intimate partners: a meta-analytic review. Clin.Psychol.Rev. 2008;28(2):247-274. View abstract.

Moulin, D. E., Clark, A. J., Gilron, I., Ware, M. A., Watson, C. P., Sessle, B. J., Coderre, T., Morley-Forster, P. K., Stinson, J., Boulanger, A., Peng, P., Finley, G. A., Taenzer, P., Squire, P., Dion, D., Cholkan, A., Gilani, A., Gordon, A., Henry, J., Jovey, R., Lynch, M., Mailis-Gagnon, A., Panju, A., Rollman, G. B., and Velly, A. Pharmacological management of chronic neuropathic pain – consensus statement and guidelines from the Canadian Pain Society. Pain Res.Manag. 2007;12(1):13-21. View abstract.

Muller-Vahl, K. R., Schneider, U., Koblenz, A., Jobges, M., Kolbe, H., Daldrup, T., and Emrich, H. M. Treatment of Tourette’s syndrome with Delta 9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC): a randomized crossover trial. Pharmacopsychiatry 2002;35(2):57-61. View abstract.

Muller-Vahl, K. R., Schneider, U., Prevedel, H., Theloe, K., Kolbe, H., Daldrup, T., and Emrich, H. M. Delta 9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is effective in the treatment of tics in Tourette syndrome: a 6-week randomized trial. J.Clin.Psychiatry 2003;64(4):459-465. View abstract.

Mushtaq, F., Mondelli, V., and Pariante, C. M. The metabolic implications of long term cannabis use in patients with psychosis. Epidemiol.Psichiatr.Soc. 2008;17(3):221-226. View abstract.

Namaka, M., Leong, C., Grossberndt, A., Klowak, M., Turcotte, D., Esfahani, F., Gomori, A., and Intrater, H. A treatment algorithm for neuropathic pain: an update. Consult Pharm. 2009;24(12):885-902. View abstract.

Narang, S., Gibson, D., Wasan, A. D., Ross, E. L., Michna, E., Nedeljkovic, S. S., and Jamison, R. N. Efficacy of dronabinol as an adjuvant treatment for chronic pain patients on opioid therapy. J.Pain 2008;9(3):254-264. View abstract.

Nawrot, T. S., Perez, L., Kunzli, N., Munters, E., and Nemery, B. Public health importance of triggers of myocardial infarction: a comparative risk assessment. Lancet 2-26-2011;377(9767):732-740. View abstract.

Neidhart, J. A., Gagen, M. M., Wilson, H. E., and Young, D. C. Comparative trial of the antiemetic effects of THC and haloperidol. J.Clin.Pharmacol. 1981;21(8-9 Suppl):38S-42S. View abstract.

Niamatali, C., Fallon, S. D., and Egan, E. L. Nabilone in the management of prochlorperazine resistant cancer chemotherapy induced emesis. Ir.Med.J. 1984;77(9):276-277. View abstract.

Niederle, N., Schutte, J., and Schmidt, C. G. Crossover comparison of the antiemetic efficacy of nabilone and alizapride in patients with nonseminomatous testicular cancer receiving cisplatin therapy. Klin.Wochenschr. 4-15-1986;64(8):362-365. View abstract.

Niiranen, A. and Mattson, K. Antiemetic efficacy of nabilone and dexamethasone: a randomized study of patients with lung cancer receiving chemotherapy. Am.J.Clin.Oncol. 1987;10(4):325-329. View abstract.

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Nurmikko, T. J., Serpell, M. G., Hoggart, B., Toomey, P. J., Morlion, B. J., and Haines, D. Sativex successfully treats neuropathic pain characterised by allodynia: a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial. Pain 12-15-2007;133(1-3):210-220. View abstract.

Ohlsson, A., Lindgren, J. E., Andersson, S., Agurell, S., Gillespie, H., and Hollister, L. E. Single-dose kinetics of deuterium-labelled cannabidiol in man after smoking and intravenous administration. Biomed.Environ Mass Spectrom. 1986;13(2):77-83. View abstract.

Orr, L. E. and McKernan, J. F. Antiemetic effect of delta 9-tetrahydrocannabinol in chemotherapy-associated nausea and emesis as compared to placebo and compazine. J.Clin.Pharmacol. 1981;21(8-9 Suppl):76S-80S. View abstract.

Orr, L. E., McKernan, J. F., and Bloome, B. Antiemetic effect of tetrahydrocannabinol. Compared with placebo and prochlorperazine in chemotherapy-associated nausea and emesis. Arch.Intern.Med. 1980;140(11):1431-1433. View abstract.

Payne, R. J. and Brand, S. N. The toxicity of intravenously used marihuana. JAMA 7-28-1975;233(4):351-354. View abstract.

Penetar, D. M., Kouri, E. M., Gross, M. M., McCarthy, E. M., Rhee, C. K., Peters, E. N., and Lukas, S. E. Transdermal nicotine alters some of marihuana’s effects in male and female volunteers. Drug Alcohol Depend. 8-1-2005;79(2):211-223. View abstract.

Perez-Reyes, M., Burstein, S. H., White, W. R., McDonald, S. A., and Hicks, R. E. Antagonism of marihuana effects by indomethacin in humans. Life Sci. 1991;48(6):507-515. View abstract.

Perras, C. Sativex for the management of multiple sclerosis symptoms. Issues Emerg.Health Technol. 2005;(72):1-4. View abstract.

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Phillips, R. S., Gopaul, S., Gibson, F., Houghton, E., Craig, J. V., Light, K., and Pizer, B. Antiemetic medication for prevention and treatment of chemotherapy induced nausea and vomiting in childhood. Cochrane.Database.Syst.Rev. 2010;(9):CD007786. View abstract.

Phillips, T. J., Cherry, C. L., Cox, S., Marshall, S. J., and Rice, A. S. Pharmacological treatment of painful HIV-associated sensory neuropathy: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials. PLoS.One. 2010;5(12):e14433. View abstract.

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Priestman, S. G., Priestman, T. J., and Canney, P. A. A double-blind randomised cross-over comparison of nabilone and metoclopramide in the control of radiation-induced nausea. Clin.Radiol. 1987;38(5):543-544. View abstract.

Priestman, T. J. and Priestman, S. G. An initial evaluation of Nabilone in the control of radiotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting. Clin.Radiol. 1984;35(4):265-266. View abstract.

Rabin, R. A., Zakzanis, K. K., and George, T. P. The effects of cannabis use on neurocognition in schizophrenia: a meta-analysis. Schizophr.Res. 2011;128(1-3):111-116. View abstract.

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Richards, B. L., Whittle, S. L., and Buchbinder, R. Neuromodulators for pain management in rheumatoid arthritis. Cochrane.Database.Syst.Rev. 2012;1:CD008921. View abstract.

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Sheidler, V. R., Ettinger, D. S., Diasio, R. B., Enterline, J. P., and Brown, M. D. Double-blind multiple-dose crossover study of the antiemetic effect of intramuscular levonantradol compared to prochlorperazine. J.Clin.Pharmacol. 1984;24(4):155-159. View abstract.

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Skrabek, R. Q., Galimova, L., Ethans, K., and Perry, D. Nabilone for the treatment of pain in fibromyalgia. J.Pain 2008;9(2):164-173. View abstract.

Staquet, M., Gantt, C., and Machin, D. Effect of a nitrogen analog of tetrahydrocannabinol on cancer pain. Clin.Pharmacol.Ther. 1978;23(4):397-401. View abstract.

Steele, N., Gralla, R. J., Braun, D. W., Jr., and Young, C. W. Double-blind comparison of the antiemetic effects of nabilone and prochlorperazine on chemotherapy-induced emesis. Cancer Treat.Rep. 1980;64(2-3):219-224. View abstract.

Strasser, F., Luftner, D., Possinger, K., Ernst, G., Ruhstaller, T., Meissner, W., Ko, Y. D., Schnelle, M., Reif, M., and Cerny, T. Comparison of orally administered cannabis extract and delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol in treating patients with cancer-related anorexia-cachexia syndrome: a multicenter, phase III, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial from the Cannabis-In-Cachexia-Study-Group. J Clin Oncol. 7-20-2006;24(21):3394-3400. View abstract.

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Sweet, D. L., Miller, N. J., Weddington, W., Senay, E., and Sushelsky, L. delta 9-Tetrahydrocannabinol as an antiemetic for patients receiving cancer chemotherapy. A pilot study. J.Clin.Pharmacol. 1981;21(8-9 Suppl):70S-75S. View abstract.

Teasell, R. W., Mehta, S., Aubut, J. A., Foulon, B., Wolfe, D. L., Hsieh, J. T., Townson, A. F., and Short, C. A systematic review of pharmacologic treatments of pain after spinal cord injury. Arch.Phys.Med.Rehabil. 2010;91(5):816-831. View abstract.

Tetrault, J. M., Crothers, K., Moore, B. A., Mehra, R., Concato, J., and Fiellin, D. A. Effects of marijuana smoking on pulmonary function and respiratory complications: a systematic review. Arch.Intern.Med. 2-12-2007;167(3):221-228. View abstract.

Thaera, G. M., Wellik, K. E., Carter, J. L., Demaerschalk, B. M., and Wingerchuk, D. M. Do cannabinoids reduce multiple sclerosis-related spasticity? Neurologist. 2009;15(6):369-371. View abstract.

Tomida, I., Azuara-Blanco, A., House, H., Flint, M., Pertwee, R. G., and Robson, P. J. Effect of sublingual application of cannabinoids on intraocular pressure: a pilot study. J Glaucoma. 2006;15(5):349-353. View abstract.

Trembly B, Sherman M. Double-blind clinical study of cannabidiol as a secondary anticonvulsant. Marijuana ’90 International Conference on Cannabis and Cannabinoids 1990;2:5.

Tucker, P. Substance misuse and early psychosis. Australas.Psychiatry 2009;17(4):291-294. View abstract.

Ungerleider, J. T., Andrysiak, T., Fairbanks, L., Goodnight, J., Sarna, G., and Jamison, K. Cannabis and cancer chemotherapy: a comparison of oral delta-9-THC and prochlorperazine. Cancer 8-15-1982;50(4):636-645. View abstract.

Vaccani, A., Massi, P., Colombo, A., Rubino, T., and Parolaro, D. Cannabidiol inhibits human glioma cell migration through a cannabinoid receptor-independent mechanism. Br.J Pharmacol 2005;144(8):1032-1036. View abstract.

Vaney, C., Heinzel-Gutenbrunner, M., Jobin, P., Tschopp, F., Gattlen, B., Hagen, U., Schnelle, M., and Reif, M. Efficacy, safety and tolerability of an orally administered cannabis extract in the treatment of spasticity in patients with multiple sclerosis: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover study. Mult.Scler. 2004;10(4):417-424. View abstract.

Vidal, C., Fuente, R., Iglesias, A., and Saez, A. Bronchial asthma due to Cannabis sativa seed. Allergy 1991;46(8):647-649. View abstract.

Voirin, N., Berthiller, J., Benhaim-Luzon, V., Boniol, M., Straif, K., Ayoub, W. B., Ayed, F. B., and Sasco, A. J. Risk of lung cancer and past use of cannabis in Tunisia. J Thorac.Oncol. 2006;1(6):577-579. View abstract.

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3 ways to use your weed stems

Weed stems can be a gray area for the average cannabis smoker.

Can you smoke them? Should you smoke them?

If you find yourself wondering this very thing, you’re not alone. It’s a common question we get from people who are new to smoking cannabis. And since no question is a dumb question when it comes to having a great cannabis experience, let’s unpack all the details on weed stems.

What are weed stems?

Weed stems are the small, stick-like pieces that sometimes end up in the cannabis flower you buy from the dispensary. Depending on the quality of flower you bought, you may end up with a few or more stems in your haul. For example, shake bought from dispensaries tends to contain more stems than non-shake flower. Unlike the dense buds of the cannabis plant, weed stems contain very little to no THC (the main active ingredient in cannabis).

Can you smoke weed stems?

Although you may be tempted to, you should not smoke weed stems. Smoking stems from cannabis plants will not get you high due to their lack of THC. If you do decide to smoke stems, you’ll likely experience a few of the negative side effects that come with smoking, like coughing and sore throat, without the fun of a THC high.

In other words, it’s simply not worth it.

Alternative uses for weed stems

The good news is your stems don’t have to go to waste. Although you can’t smoke them, stems still have some surprisingly useful purposes in life. Here are a few of the most popular ways people are making good use out of their weed stems.

1. Cannabutter

Did you know you can use discarded weed stems to help make a cannabis-infused butter? If you have a good amount of stems saved up, toss them in with the rest of your flower when you start the decarboxylation process. These stems won’t bring any potency to your final product, but they will add some cannabis-inspired umami. Butter containing cannabis is a good thing to have on hand because it is the foundation of most edible recipes.

2. Cannabis topicals

Much like the infused butter recipe, you can decarboxylate any leftover weed stems with 7-10 grams of dried cannabis. After this process has been completed, you can infuse the cannabis and stems with coconut oil. This creates the base for many cannabis topical recipes, like lip balms and lotions.

3. Cannabis tea

Another excellent way to make use of your stems is by making a cannabis-infused tea. Cannatea is a good choice for when you only have a small number of stems you want to use.

For example, our cannabis-infused tea recipe only requires 2 teaspoons of weed stems and is ready to drink in about ten minutes. This recipe is flexible and allows you to customize with different tea flavors until you find your ideal combination.

Start saving your weed stems

As you can see, the life of a weed stem can go above and beyond the time it spends in your grinder. If you want to get better about keeping your stems (given your new knowledge of their magic), we recommend that you keep a jar to collect your weed stems over time. That way, you’ll always have a fresh stash ready when you want to tackle any of these projects.

What do you think about cannabis stems?

Have you done anything special with your leftover weed stems? Are they more useful than we originally thought? We want to hear about it! Join the conversation on Twitter, or leave us a comment below.

Weed stems: here’s what you should (and shouldn’t) do with them

They supported your buds all the way to harvest, but when it’s time to smoke, for most of us it’s no stems, no seeds, no exceptions. Stems don’t need to bring you down, though, and if you grow your own herb, here are some things you can do with the stems you don’t just throw in the compost.

Can you smoke weed stems?

Yes, you can smoke weed stems. You can also smoke pencil shavings, that doesn’t mean that you should.

Weed stems are more fibrous than the buds of the plant, so they’ll burn hotter and produce a harsher smoke that can also give you a headache. That wouldn’t matter too much if there was enough THC in the stems, but unlike the buds, there simply isn’t that much THC at all, meaning you’ll give yourself a harsh smoke for no good reason.

Can you eat weed stems?

Yes, you can eat weed stems, but it wouldn’t taste very good and it wouldn’t get you very high.

The stems contain very little THC, so you would need to chew a large amount (probably several grams) of weed stems, which could be a great source of fiber but not a great way to get high. Besides, you would also need to decarboxylate the stems first.

Yes, you can smoke weed stems. You can also smoke pencil shavings, that doesn’t mean that you should. (Shutterstock)

Can you get high off weed stems? How to extract THC from stems

Long before your friends and coworkers all had their favorite gummies brand, people across the world were using the flowers and leaves of cannabis to make hash. Be it Nepalese “temple ball hash,” black Indian “charas,” or sweet golden brown Moroccan hash, the same principles apply — use your hands and some basic tools to to remove the dry, THC-containing trichomes (also known as “kief”) from the flowers and leaves of the plants, and press it into hash.

But what if all you have are stems? While today’s cannabis flower very often contains more than 25% THC, with weed stems it’s been measured at just 0.03%.

This means you may need to get creative.

You can make “bubble hash” just like you would with cannabis flower or “sugar leaves” (the leaves that protrude from or surround the buds and have a healthy dusting of trichomes), though you may want to repeat the process one or two times to make sure you extract enough kief to make hash.

Traditional charas is made by rubbing live flowers and leaves between your hands and scraping off the resin. With stems, you can use the same method, though you will need much, much more plant material to get enough resin. This is a method that would work best for growers who may have a few ounces or more of stems just lying around.

Finally, you can pull the kief off the stems just like you would with flower or sugar leaves. Simply freeze the stems and then shake them repeatedly over a large, clean tray. Scoop up whatever kief falls off, and then scrape it together with a card.

Make tea with weed stems

Arguably the most surefire way to use stems is to make some tea. First, grind up a few grams (or around one tablespoon) of stems and then decarboxylate them in the oven. Take them out of the oven and put them in tea bags or a tied-up coffee filter and steep for about 7-10 minutes. You’ll want to add some honey or sweetener to mask the flavor.

Make edibles with weed stems

Weed stems can be used to make edibles if you first use them in a cannabutter recipe. Keep in mind though, it won’t be nearly as potent as cannabutter made with cannabis flower.

To make cannabutter with weed stems, melt about a cup of butter (225 grams) in a saucepan and add a cup of water and bring to a simmer. Add around 20 grams (or whatever you have) of ground, decarboxylated weed stems and continue to simmer for about 3-4 hours, stirring frequently. Take it off the heat, let it cool, and then strain the mixture through a cheesecloth into a container and refrigerate it until the butter hardens. If there is excess water that has separated from the butter in the container, feel free to toss it out.

With this new batch of cannnabutter you can whip up all types of cannabis edibles, just keep in mind it won’t be anywhere near as potent as butter made with cannabis flower.

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