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watch series the strain

Watch series the strain

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  3. The Strain – Season 1,2,3,4

The Strain – Season 1,2,3,4

The Strain – Season 1,2,3,4 | A mysterious viral outbreak with hallmarks of an ancient and evil strain of vampirism ravages the city of New York.

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jesus strain

Jesus strain

This stuff is rad. Great looking little nugs (bong buddy size) with bright orange spider leg 🕷pistils. Smells exactly like floor cleaner and chemicals. The high was really invigorating for me. Smoked at around 9pm to watch a movie and ended up cleaning my kitchen and doing laundry while the movie was on. For some reason I was motivated to he productive and I like that in a strain sometimes fo sho. Lotsve character in this strain. I’d say the allbud description is spot.

Well, it smells nice and looks pretty but thats all the good things i can say about it. The “high” brings me down. Way down. I feel sadness and a depressive heaviness after smoking it. One site says its indica dominant, others claim its sativa dominant. I dont care for sativa because it affects me negatively. This is definitely sativa. ☹️ I know it’s supposed to be uplifting happy etc., but thats not my experience.

High off this Jesus OG right nurr, only a few hits though whereas I get paranoid REALLY bad REALLY easily! I feel more chilled out and sort of “in the zone” while typing this review 😳 Last couple times I smoked it I ended up sleeping for mad hours! lol but it was much needed DEEP sleep! I’m gonna smoke a little more and write another review in a little while! 🤣 Good strain, I find it more Indica though. Good to relax, zone out and sleep!

Makes me behave. Reminds me of Mr. Nice Guy. Lives up to the Jesus part not sure about the HELL?? LOL some interesting cross breads. It feels more like Indica?? But then again my doctor just adjusted my med’s and you always have to take things like that into factor. I’m a little drowsy but not from this. Great strain

Yummy Lemon Nugs roll up quickly and hits just right for the perfect body high. Wake up an smell the OG.

Jesus OG is a sativa dominant hybrid with a 20:80 indica/ sativa ratio. It is a cross between Jack's Cleaner, Hell's OG and Space Queen. The nuggets are dense light green buds, which are completely covered by trichomes. Its smell is quite different from what you would normally expect, and is simi…

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outdoor seeds

Outdoor Mix

Having troubles deciding what to grow outdoors? Let Royal Queen Seeds make the selection easy for you with our Outdoor Mix. In each pack you will find some of our finest outdoor strains ready to handle the tough environment of outdoor guerrilla grows. These plants are especially suited to be grown outdoors due to their strong, stable structure, which prepares them for the wind and rain expected with outdoor crops.

Offered in our mix pack are Northern Lights Automatic, Royal Bluematic, Royal Moby and Power Flower. These four form the basis for our most popular outdoor varieties, which is why we felt this combination would be perfect for our outdoor mix. These plants can be grown outdoors anywhere between 47° North to 47° South. Any further north or south might require a greenhouse for the colder climates.

The two Autoflower strains will be easily noticeable from the colour of their buds, which should show tints of blue. The Royal Bluematic is the shortest plant amongst the bunch, growing under 1 m, whereas Northern Lights Automatic will grow over 1 m. Both Autoflowers will begin flowering before the other normal plants; this should be the most noticeable difference between these plants.

Royal Moby is one of our largest plants and will grow up to 3 m outdoors. Its long sativa branches combined with its overall size should make Royal Moby the easiest to identify amongst the bunch. Power Flower is an average-sized plant growing to about 1.5 m tall. Unlike the Royal Moby which will have lots of little buds spread all over the plant, Power Flower will generally grow with one giant cola in the middle. With flowering beginning later than the Autoflowers, the size of the plant as well as bud structure is the easiest way to discriminate between them.

Whether you get an Autoflower or a normal outdoor plant, we are sure you will be more than happy with the results accomplished with our Outdoor Mix. The combination will not just provide you with a variety of smoke, but also provides an excellent learning process for identification of different strains, as any cannabis connoisseur should be able to perform.

Title : Bon Pack
Comment : Très Bon Pack, Livraison Rapide, Au Top !

Having troubles deciding what to grow outdoors? Let Royal Queen Seeds make the selection easy for you with our Outdoor Mix. In each pack you will find some of our finest outdoor strains ready to handle the tough environment of outdoor guerrilla grows.

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how many seasons in the strain

Why ‘The Strain’ Series Finale Ended With a “Glimmer of Hope”

[This story contains spoilers from the series finale of FX’s The Strain.]

After four seasons of sacrificial deaths and the biggest infestation of worms television has ever seen, FX’s The Strain came to a close Sunday with a series finale that closed the door for good on Eph’s (Corey Stoll ), Zach’s (Max Charles), Fet’s (Kevin Durand ) and Dutch’s ( Ruta Gedmintas ) ultimate fight against the Strigoi .

Following Setrakian’s (David Bradley) death, the resistance fighters teamed in one last bid to take down The Master (Jonathan Hyde), as led by Mr. Quinlan (Rupert Penry-Jones ) and the giant nuclear bomb Fet and company snuck into the city. In the end, The Master took out his son, Quinlan , but not before walking into an underground trap with Zach where the nuke was waiting. Although Fet had every intention of sacrificing himself and detonating the thing, it was Eph who launched himself down to the basement and faced off one final time against The Master — just as Zach realized he had been on the wrong side all along.

Although Zach shot at The Master and tried to take him out, in the end The Master transferred to Eph’s body in a gory rainfall of oozing worms. It was the last straw Zach needed to take the lead Strigoi out himself as he apologized to his father for what he had done, said “I love you” and then detonated the bomb.

Below, showrunner Carlton Cuse — who co-wrote the finale with co-creator Chuck Hogan — talks with THR about ending The Strain with a bang and what he learned from other series enders.

Was there ever a version of this finale where everybody just died in a glorious blowout?

We felt like there had to be some glimmer of hope at the end. We did actually discuss bleaker versions, but it just didn’t seem like that would be very satisfying. The audience would feel too depressed. It was too hard to contemplate not having some sort of consequential victory at the end of the series.

Was the plan to always have Zach come full circle and detonate that bomb in the end?

We embraced this idea of making this kid truly a villain, and that’s something we felt we hadn’t seen before. Yet it was fair to have him have just enough of a self-realization at the end to decide to participate in The Master’s demise. The audience was waiting for us to do some sort of massive redemption for the character and it didn’t feel that that would be fair given how villainous the character was. But this was a little bit of an unexpected twist and a bit of a more believable and earned turn for the character.

When was that conceptualized, and did recasting the role with Max Charles in the second season have anything to do with it?

We had a lot of conversations about it; it’s fair to say you can’t really construct a finale in the abstract way ahead of time. Everything is informed by the creative journey that takes you to the end. Over the last two years of the show we had a lot of conversations about what the ending would look like — it moved around a little bit. We eventually got a place where we felt like we’d made the right choices. I’m not sure people took me at my word when I said back then that we had expectations that the character was going to be a darker version, and that it was really not about the actor, it was about finding a different type of actor who could go to a much darker place. I think we proved that was true. No one expects kids or grandparents to be villainous. It’s like storytelling convention 101; those characters are supposed to be good or ultimately good. We really wanted to change that up and make Zach a horrible antagonist. Max embraced it and did a great job of bringing that character to life. With Setrakian , we also tried to avoid having him be the sentimental grandfather figure. In a lot of movies those characters play mentor figures and guides who are wise. Ultimately Setrakian was revered by his compatriots, but he certainly was not sentimental or kindly in the traditional way we see those characters.

As a fan favorite, was Fet’s survival inevitable?

We love Fet . Ultimately it felt that his survival was biblical. The first shall be last and the last shall be first. Here’s this guy who was a rat catcher, whose status was low in the world before this epidemiological crisis and yet somehow when this convulsive event strikes he’s almost the best-equipped person around to not only survive, but to help other people survive. For all that he gave he deserved to live and to win in the end.

Usually heavily serialized shows like this result in talks of spinoffs or movies; were you purposefully closing all doors to that kind of talk here by resolving all of the characters’ stories?

We never spoke of any spinoffs; we wanted this to be conclusive. And I guess in being conclusive you shut down many of the avenues for sequels. It felt like the story had an ending that was fully resolved. The Master had to be defeated at the end of the journey and once he was defeated that was kind of the end of the threat.

You’ve probably crafted more planned series finales than most showrunners , having recently wrapped A&E’s Bates Motel, too. What have you learned about that process that you wanted to convey to the rest of the team in ending this?

Particularly now in the streaming environment where shows have a life well beyond their traditional linear broadcast life, endings are really important. People watch shows and invest in them hoping they’re going to end well or at least end conclusively. So for the history and legacy of The Strain we had to define what the journey was. We had originally sold the show as being three seasons and added a fourth along the way. At one point there was talk of it being five seasons, but it really felt that four seasons was right. We wanted to bring it to an end while we still had the appropriate amount of narrative velocity going.

What I’ve learned about doing finales is that you have to try to think about your story at a 30,000-foot level and decide what kind of ending the show deserves and what kind of an ending you can craft given the type of story you’re telling. Obviously there’s controversy about the Lost ending, but I promise there was no version of the Lost ending that was about answering the unanswered questions of the show that wouldn’t have been didactic and much worse than the ending that Damon Lindelof and I crafted. Kerry Ehrin [who was the co-creator and co-showrunner on Bates with Cuse ] and I found our way to a beautiful ending with Bates Motel and it was something we had thought about for a long time — a Romeo and Juliet ending that was appropriate to the romantic tragedy of the show. And with The Strain, this epic graphic novel thriller-adventure, it needed to end with The Master being vanquished. But given the tone of the show and the way the story played out it felt that it needed to be played out at a high cost and a lot of characters had to be sacrificed for that goal.

Given that there were talks of five seasons at one point, was there anything left on the cutting room floor that you had really wanted to incorporate?

In the last season of a show you can really do anything; we wanted to not have everything finish at the end, which is why Setrakian’s story wraps in [episodes] seven and eight. So we spent all our bullets, we told the story we wanted to tell and we’re happy about it.

Looking toward the future, what is the status of the Jack Ryan series that you’re doing for Amazon?

Jack Ryan will be on sometime during 2018; it’s going great but it’s a huge and complicated show with a lot of visual effects and elaborate postproduction . It’s really good but it’s going to take us until sometime early next year just to finish all our work on the show. And then Amazon has to decide when they want to put it on.

Has the lawsuit with Paramount affected anything in the meantime?

That hasn’t had any effect on the production of the show.

You’ve also got a huge overall deal with ABC Studios. Is there anything you’re already working on that you can discuss?

I’m really excited about the new deal; I love everybody at ABC Studios, ABC and Disney but the deal is really just starting so it’s too early to talk about the specific projects. There’s going to be some cool opportunities that I’m really excited about getting going on though.

Do you have a preference between building out shows based on popular source material like Bates Motel, The Returned and The Strain or original series like Colony and Nash Bridges?

It’s really just all about good ideas, whether it’s finding a good idea from an existing IP or that a writer has or something that pops into my own brain. I don’t have any particular prejudice to one over any of the others. I love, love, love storytelling and it’s just about finding good stories.

Why ‘The Strain’ Series Finale Ended With a “Glimmer of Hope” [This story contains spoilers from the series finale of FX’s The Strain. ] After four seasons of sacrificial deaths and the

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gorilla bubble strain

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how long for cannabis seeds to germinate

How Long Cannabis Seeds Germinate?

If you’re one of those people that have to have control over everything you might find yourself wondering how long cannabis seeds germinate. The long and short of it is that it usually takes 24 to 48 hours for the cannabis seeds to germinate. If they are placed somewhere moist, warm and dark, like a cupboard or in a propagator. These are ideal places for the Cannabis seeds to germinate and they will crack out of their protective shells.

So now you know how long cannabis seeds germinate, what will happen after?

After another two days, they should have a pair of leaves then continue growing for another two weeks until they begin the vegetation period. If you are concerned that the seed cover is still on the leaf or concerned about how long the cannabis seed germination will still take, just remember the more warmth and moisture (not dampness) will accelerate the process for the Cannabis seeds to germinate and within 24 to 48 hours it should be completely out of its shell.

You could also find our FAQ Submission Where To Find Cannabis Seeds? useful.

Buy Cannabis Seeds – Got your seeds but now you're curious about how long cannabis seeds germinate? – Amsterdam Seed Supply

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peach og strain

Peach og strain

I’m sure many have seen this line it’s sort of become cliche but I have never written a weed review until now I can’t accurately describe how amazing this strain is it’s become my new #1 favorite stealing the crown that fruity pebbles has held for a large portion of my smoking career the smell is beautiful I just want to hang nugs around my house so I can always smell it and the taste is delectable it’s much more zesty and spicy than the smell would have you think but all this pales in comparison to the buzz the couch lock you get from this strain is unlike any I’ve felt it isn’t couch lock so much as it’s just being completely satisfied so why move you don’t feel heavy you can move whenever you want and you are complete functional this strain has none of that stoner brain effect the best way I can describe the buzz is someone walks up to you and tells you tomorrow every dream you’ve ever had will come true it feels you with hope but it’s a very specific hope a hope of anticipation like something fantastic is just around the corner I’ll leave you with this try this strain now or never try it because if you end up trying it years from now you’ll regret not trying it now for the rest of your life

Peach OG is an incredibly rare indica dominant hybrid (85% indica/15% sativa) strain with relatively unknown genetics, although it is commonly agreed among cannabis users that it is a cross between OG Kush and another unknown strain. This dank bud boasts a moderate THC level that has never been t…

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aerogarden weed grow

How to Grow Weed in your AeroGarden

Last modified: March 21, 2020

Miracle-Gro AeroGarden™ is an exciting hydroponic system. You can grow fresh herbs, lettuce, year-round, in the comfort of your home.

You may be wondering: Is it possible to grow weed in an AeroGarden? And is it worth it? The short answer is Yes.

In this guide, I’m going to show you everything you need to know to grow weed your AeroGarden™ successfully including the best practices, the material needed, and exclusive pro-tips by experimented growers.

The best part? It will pay for itself in only 2 or 3 grows in weed value!

Table of contents
  1. The Best AeroGarden Model For Weed
  2. Weed strain and seed type for the AeroGarden
    • Cannabis seed types
    • Recommended marijuana strains for the AeroGarden
  3. The shopping list
    • Required
    • Optional products
  4. Nutrients and the importance of pH
    • pH control
    • Total dissolved solids (TDS) & parts per million (PPM)
  5. AeroGarden setup to grow weed
    • Grow light settings
    • AeroGarden Pump settings
    • Nutrients settings
  6. Seed germination
1. The Best AeroGarden Model For Weed

Be sure to buy the AeroGarden Bounty (now renamed Classic 9) to grow your marijuana. At the time I wrote these lines, the available models are; Sprout, Harvest, Classic, Extra, Ultra, Bounty, and Farm Plus.

The AeroGarden™ Classic 9 (also available with Wi-Fi + a free app) is one of the most powerful models available.

It comes with a 45 watt LED full spectrum growth light and a grow height extendable up to 24 inches which are required to grow weed and get a decent yield out of your grow.

The Classic 9 model also includes a touch screen control panel that makes things very easy and fun to control!

There’s also a bigger model available; the AeroGarden™ Farm Plus with 60W of dual LED power and 24 inches of growing height.

2. Weed strain and seed type for the AeroGarden

Since the maximum grow height is only 24 inches (when the LED panel is fully deployed), it’s crucial to choose a strain that will stay small and compact.

Some strains can grow big plants that are not suited for the AeroGarden small reservoir. The strains also determine the effects and medical attributes.

2.1 Cannabis seed types

Autoflowering seeds are perfect for beginners because they grow very quickly and stay smaller. Also, there’s no need to change the light cycle to induce the flowering stage, and you will get only female plants.

Some strains can take only 10 weeks from seed to harvest.

On the other hand, yields are usually smaller with autoflowering seeds and most have a lower THC percentage.

Feminized seeds are also great, they allow growers to apply training techniques that aren’t recommended for auto and they can be cloned.

You will have to change the light cycle from 18/6 to 12/12 to trigger the flowering phase. Increased darkness hours tell the plant the fall is coming and start creating buds.

Key takeaway: Feminized seeds give more control to the experienced grower while autoflower seeds grow faster and are suitable for beginner grower.

2.2 Recommended marijuana strains for the AeroGarden
  • AK-47 – (Hybrid)
  • Amnesia Haze – (Hybrid)
  • Blueberry – (Indica)
  • Blackberry Kush – (Indica)
  • Bubble Gum – (Hybrid)
  • Cheese – (Hybrid)
  • Lowryder – (Hybrid)
  • Mango Kush – (Hybrid)
  • Northern Lights – (Indica)
  • White Widow Auto – (Hybrid)
3. The shopping list

Now you have your AeroGarden™ Bounty and your seeds, you will need the material below, and the optional list would help to have more yield out of your grow, but are not required.

3.1 Required
  • Grow anything seed pod kit
  • General Hydroponics Flora Series
  • pH pen tester
  • TDS digital meter
  • pH control kit (pH up and down)
  • Siphon
  • Micro-tip pruning snip
3.2 Optional products

Cannabis, like any other plants, needs calcium and magnesium.

Your tap water may have calcium and magnesium in small concentrations, but likely not enough.

If you’re using distilled water, you will need to add a Cal-Mag solution to your water as they are essential secondary nutrients for healthy plant growth.

Botanicare Hydroguard® is well known for their unique beneficial bacteria that help to increase root mass and health.

Pro-tip:

In my installation, I have added an external air pump with an air stone to make more bubbles in the root zone. This helps to prevent roots rot, and bring more oxygen to the roots.

The external pump also helps to reduce the usage of the AeroGarden™ built-in pump. The water temperature will stay low, and you will be able to keep an optimal temperature (between 65 and 80 degrees Fahrenheit).

On the top of the AeroGarden reservoir, you will find two water/air ports with rubber plugs that you can remove.

They are the same size as the standard aquarium airline tubing. Just place the tubing inside one of them and put the air stone in the center of the bowl.

4. Nutrients and the importance of pH

Important: don’t use the provided plant food that comes with the AeroGarden™. This will not work, and you will lose your time and seeds.

I use General Hydroponics Flora Series, and I always have great results with these nutrients. Some other popular alternatives are Advanced Nutrients and Botanicare.

Your AeroGarden™ Bounty holds approximately 4 liters of water. I pour this amount of water into a big stainless steel mixing bowl. Let the tap water sit for 24 hours to become chlorine-free or use distilled water.

Now it’s time to add nutrients to the water. Begin with half of the recommended dosage by the manufacturer.

If you’re using GH Flora Series, take a look at this fully-tested nutrient schedule.

4.1 pH control

The pH scale ranges from 0 to 14. The pH of the AeroGarden™ solution should be between 5.5 and 6.5.

So I target 6, and I check with the pH pen tester every day and make the required adjustments with pH buffers (do not use pH up and pH down in the same solution).

In the vegetative phase, the pH tends to go higher, and in the flowering stage, it tends to go lower. Keeping the pH in the target zone is essential. Out of this zone, the cannabis plant may be unable to absorb some nutrients, and this leads to nutrient deficiencies.

If the pH fluctuates a lot or is out of control for a long time, your plant leaves will become distorted especially in the new growth areas.

This can be reverted, but the affected leaves will not return to normal appearance.

Key takeaway: pH problems can slow the growth of your cannabis plants and lower your yield.

4.2 Total dissolved solids (TDS) & parts per million (PPM)

Before pouring the solution into the AeroGarden’s bowl, you need to verify the concentration of nutrient in the solution with the TDS digital meter.

In the first weeks, the PPM should be around 400, and this amount increase as the marijuana plants grows. In the early flowering stage, the TDS could be around 1000+ PPM.

High nutrient concentration levels will not help the plant to grow faster and can lead to problems like nutrient burn.

5. AeroGarden setup to grow weed

Now the fun part! I assume you have already assembled your hydroponic system and you have transferred the solution to the AeroGarden reservoir.

Now let’s take a closer look at the control panel. First, set the clock, and if you’re in the quick plant menu, select the grow anything option.

5.1 Grow light settings

Select the sun icon, and follow the steps to configure the grow light. If you have autoflowering seeds, I recommend 20/4 light cycle. My settings are as follow; light open at 6:00 am, and close at 2:00 am.

For feminized seeds, I suggest 18/6 for the vegetative stage, then switch to 12/12 to trigger flowering stage.

5.2 AeroGarden™ Pump settings

Select the water icon, and then change settings. Follow the steps until you reach the pump on/off screen.

In the vegetative stage, I recommend setting the pump 30 minutes on, and 60 minutes off.

In the flowering stage, it’s better to give an oxygen boost in the water for the increasing root masse of your plants. So, if you don’t have an external pump, set the pump to 60 minutes on, and 30 minutes off.

If you have the external air pump with an air stone, keep in mind this one should run all the time from seed to harvest. You can configure the AeroGarden built-in pump 10 minutes on, and 60 minutes off when you run the external pump.

5.3 Nutrients settings

Finally, select the nutrients icon, and then settings. Set your nutrients cycle to 7 days. This is a simple reminder, and the AeroGarden™ will give you a warning every week to add nutrients and replace the water.

6. Seed germination

I strongly recommend growing only one or two plants at a time. Your marijuana plants will need an increased amount of space while growing and try to put more plants will decrease the yield.

Take two grow sponges and baskets, then place the seeds into the small holes. Be sure seeds are not falling too deep, (1/2” would be awesome). Cover the two pods with the provided transparent domes and put duct tape over the remaining pod holes.

From my experience, it could take anywhere from 2 to 4 days to see the first tiny sprout.

Growing weed in an AeroGarden: the complete step by step guide with everything you need to know along with pro-tips by experimented growers.

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ghost chem strain

Nature’s Medicines – Ellicott City Medical Marijuana Dispensary

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Shatter – Ghost Chem by Culta

Shatter – Ghost Chem by Culta

One gram of cannabis concentrate made from the Ghost Chem strain. Ghost Chem is a hybrid strain produced by Culta in Maryland, the resulting shatter contains 76.3% THC.

0.2% THC, 76.3% THCa,0.5% CBG, 2.9% CBGa. 0.11% a-Pinene, 0.15% b-Pinene, 0.21% Myrcene, 0.75% Limonene, 0.08% Ocimene, 0.18% Terpinolene, 0.42% Linalool, 1.79% Caryophyllene, 0.41% Humulene, 0.10% NErolidol, 0.06% Caryophyllene Oxide

Shatter made from the hybrid Ghost Chem strain.

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when to transplant seedlings outside

Waiting to Transplant

Mark Macdonald | March 29, 2020

Many plants benefit from a head start by sowing indoors during late winter and early spring. For a few crops, notably peppers and tomatoes , this indoor start is an absolute requirement if growing from seed. These tender, tropical plants will be killed outright by frost, and will show immediate signs of distress if exposed to cold spring weather. So the gardener’s strategy is to make an educated guess about when it will be warm enough to transplant them outdoors, and work backwards from that date according to which crop is involved.

Tomatoes, peppers, and many perennial flowers require a good six to eight weeks of indoor growing before even considering peeking outside. But that’s a long time for plants to grow, so here are some strategies to consider while you are waiting to transplant outdoors.

Light

Just about from the time the seeds are first placed into (or onto) the soil, bright overhead light is essential. With insufficiently strong light, seedlings will begin to grow tall and leggy from the very start. The seedlings are stretching their stem tissues, literally straining to get their leaves higher and closer to any light source so they can begin to photosynthesize and produce food for themselves. All seedlings do this, from tomatoes to palm trees.

If sufficient light is supplied, the seedlings have no need to strain and stretch, and they will remain stout and compact, with good colour and overall health. How does one provide sufficient light? Well, every grower has access to different tools. A heated greenhouse would be perfect for most seedlings, but these are expensive and few of us have access to them. So seedling lights are a smart option. Inexpensive T5 fluorescent tubes are available in several sizes. They produce full spectrum light in the frequency plants need for foliar growth. Even with a good double (or multiple) tube set up, it’s recommended that the tubes be kept 10cm (4″) above the tops of the seedlings. That may seem very bright, but one cannot over-apply light in this setting. The Growlight Garden is a self-watering kit with an adjustable hood that can be raised as the seedlings grow. And there lots of other ways to use the lights with adjustable stands . A superb, super-low energy alternative to T5 tubes is the recently developed LED light strips that fit most grow light fixtures.

Heat

Seedling Warmers do an amazing job of speeding up germination. They work with “bottom heat” which gently heats the soil above the ambient room temperature. This stimulates growth and really helps get plants started. But the gardener’s strategy is to keep the seedlings small and compact during this early indoor stage, so the mats should be removed or unplugged once germination occurs. Otherwise, they will continue to encourage fast growth, and the seedlings may become too large for their containers, or take up too much space indoors.

Even for heat-loving tomatoes and peppers, a warm growing space is not required during this nursery stage. Given ample light and a cool environment of around 18°C (64°F), the plants should grow slowly, but steadily, producing the healthiest transplants.

Air Movement

Seedlings will nearly always benefit from some movement of air indoors. This will help reduce excess moisture buildup and the possible mould and mildew problems that result from it. If their leaves and stems are subject to even slight movement, seedlings will develop stronger cell walls and be better prepared for the harsh elements of the great outdoors. If seedlings were started under domes, it’s a good idea to remove the domes after germination so that air can move freely and excess moisture can evaporate from the soil and trays. A very basic table fan is all that is needed to improve air movement for the benefit of seedlings.


Space

There are numerous reasons for encouraging compact growth while waiting to transplant seedlings outdoors. As seedlings grow, they begin to compete with their neighbours for light, and if they are planted together, for nutrients and moisture. The gardener’s strategy here is to prevent unnecessary competition between seedlings. So lots of light and a cool environment will help. But plants continue to grow beneath the soil just as quickly as they do above.

This is a good reason to not fertilize seedlings prior to transplant. Fertilizer produces strong, fast growth, which is not wanted at this early stage. Seeds contain enough food to produce the initial cotyledon or first pair of leaves. These are then used by the plants to produce their own food, through photosynthesis, to allow for the growth of new tissues. Until they need to really go to work at transplant time (and after), the plants need no further nutritional help.

Potting On

The phrase “potting on” describes the gradual transition from seedling tray to small pot, and from small pot to slightly larger pot, as needed, as the seedlings grow. If cold weather persists outdoors, transplanting may be delayed by weeks. And even with the light, space, and environment described above, most seedlings will eventually out-grow their root space.

Most plants are not bothered by potting on, but it should be done with great care not to damage the delicate root system, and without bruising the leaves and stem. Handling seedlings by the root ball is often safest. Refer to specific instructions about each type of plant in question.

Some plants respond very poorly to transplanting, so if they absolutely must be started indoors, it’s a good strategy to use peat , coir , or newspaper pots , or Cow Pots , that can be transplanted, pot and all, into a larger container, or into the garden row. This prevents the seedling from having its roots disturbed, and they will eventually penetrate the pot as it biodegrades in the soil. Soil Blockers are a fantastic alternative for small farms or nurseries, or wherever large numbers of seedlings need to wait for transplanting.


When to Transplant?

The question of when to transplant seedlings is absolutely tied to regionality. The last average frost date in a given region is a very general tool for estimating how many weeks later is appropriate for transplanting. A basic plan can be used by employing our Regional Planting Charts , but it takes careful management to get this right. For peppers, tomatoes, and most tender seedlings, a good rule of thumb is to wait until night time temperatures are steadily at (or above) 10°C 50°F before even contemplating transplants outdoors. It may work earlier with the help of a greenhouse, cloche cover, or cold frame, but that’s another subject.

All seedlings will benefit from hardening off – the process of gently acclimatizing to direct sunlight, cool temperatures, wind, and night/day temperature fluctuations. These can all cause transplant stress, so hardening off is a key step to success.

Summary

I like to think of the indoor seedling stage as an artificial holding area. We want the seedlings to be at their peak possible health once we transplant them. Before that, though, they’re still young. They’re still in school. Only when they actually get transplanted do we put them to work. It’s that key point when they’ll benefit from organic fertilizer to give them the push into the proper growing season. After transplanting is the real time to help these plants accomplish their goal, to mature, and to produce the leaves and fruits that make all this work worth while.

Learn some expert gardening advice on when to transplant seedlings, along with some key organic gardening strategies for producing the healthiest seedlings.